May 6
2024

We should turn China and Europe into each other's key partners for business cooperation, priority partners for cooperation in science and technology, and trustworthy partners for cooperation in industrial and supply chains.

  • Xi delivers important instructions on flood control and drought relief
  • Xi emphasizes improving modern corporate system with Chinese characteristics
  • Xi meets representatives attending national conference on public security work
  • Xi delivers instructions on development of rural roads
  • Full text: President Xi's keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the 10th ministerial conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum
  • Xi urges promotion of high-quality and sufficient employment
  • Political Bureau of CPC Central Committee holds meeting to review relevant documents
  • Xi urges Shandong to write a chapter of Chinese modernization of its own
  • Xi chairs symposium, urging further reform centering on Chinese modernization
  • Xi stresses efforts to promote high-quality development of tourism sector
  • Full text of Xi's signed article in Hungarian media
  • Full text of Xi's signed article in Serbian media
  • Full text of Xi's speech at the closing ceremony of the Sixth Meeting of the China-France Business Council
  • Full text of Xi's signed article in French media
  • 20th CPC Central Committee to hold its third plenary session in July
  • Xi calls on Chongqing to write its chapter in Chinese modernization
  • Xi chairs symposium on boosting development of China's western region in new era
  • Xi Jinping meets Ma Ying-jeou in Beijing
  • Xi plants trees in Beijing, urging nationwide afforestation efforts for jointly building beautiful China
  • CPC leadership reviews disciplinary inspection report

Xi delivers important instructions on flood control and drought relief

BEIJING, June 18 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, also Chinese president and chairman of the Central Military Commission, delivered important instructions on the work to fight floods and droughts.

Xi pointed out that heavy rain has continued in many places of southern China, and floods and geological disasters have occurred in Guangdong and Fujian provinces as well as other regions, causing casualties and property losses. In some parts of northern China, drought has occurred and spread rapidly. It is obvious that floods are wreaking havoc in the south while droughts are making trouble in the north.

Xi called for all-out efforts to deal with the disaster, do everything possible to search and rescue those missing or trapped, properly resettle those affected, ensure production and life order, and minimize losses.

Xi emphasized that as China enters the flood season, the flood control situation is growing increasingly severe. He urged all regions and relevant departments to strengthen risk awareness, prepare for worst-case scenarios, make those in charge have stronger sense of responsibility, and strengthen comprehensive planning, so as to ensure that work is consolidated in flood control, drought relief, emergency response, and disaster relief.

Xi also urged efforts to strengthen monitoring and early warning for disasters, ferret hazards in a timely manner, prepare adequate supplies and equipment, and better work plans, thus effectively tackling emergencies to safeguard people's lives and property as well as social stability.

Xi emphasizes improving modern corporate system with Chinese characteristics

BEIJING, June 12 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, Chinese president, also chairman of the Central Military Commission, presided over the fifth meeting of the Central Commission for Deepening Overall Reform (CCDOR) on the afternoon of June 11. He is also director of the commission. Several documents were reviewed and adopted at the meeting. They are Guidelines on Improving the Modern Corporate System with Chinese Characteristics, Guidelines on Establishing a Sound Mechanism for Ensuring Benefits of Grain-Growers and a Compensation Mechanism for Major Grain-Producing Areas, and Guidelines on Building an Open Environment for Scientific and Technological Innovation with Global Competitiveness.

While presiding over the meeting, Xi stressed that to improve the modern corporate system with Chinese characteristics, it is imperative to give play to the advantages of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, strengthen the leadership of the CPC, and improve corporate governance. It is also imperative to promote enterprises to establish and improve a modern corporate system, under which property ownership as well as rights and obligations are clearly defined, and the functions of the government and enterprises are separated. Such a system should be managed in a scientific manner so as to foster more world-class enterprises. To secure steady grain production and ensure food security, it is imperative to protect and motivate farmers to grow grain and spur local governments' enthusiasm for boosting grain production, and improve the mechanism for ensuring farmers' income and the compensation mechanism for major grain-producing areas. Policies must be more targeted and effective, so as to consolidate the foundation of food security.

Xi stressed the importance of driving innovation with further opening up, perfecting the system and mechanism for opening up in the science and technology sector, and improving the globally-oriented innovation system to actively integrate into the global innovation network. Importance should be attached to key areas and critical links to address deficiencies in the institution for opening up and innovation.

Li Qiang, Wang Huning, and Cai Qi attended the meeting. They are all members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and deputy directors of the CCDOR.

It was noted at the meeting that to improve the modern corporate system with Chinese characteristics, it is imperative to respect the status of enterprises as major players in business activities, adhere to a problem-oriented approach, and give them more guidance by adopting differentiated policies in accordance with their size, stage of development, and ownership. It is imperative to strengthen the Party's overall leadership over state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and optimize the related systems and mechanisms, so as to spur SOEs to strictly assume their responsibilities, improve the modern corporate governance of SOEs and further strengthen the supervision and management over state-owned capital. Efforts should be made to encourage and support eligible private enterprises to establish a modern corporate system, improve their corporate governance structure, regulate shareholders' behavior, strengthen internal supervision, and optimize the mechanism for risk prevention and control. It is essential to give full play to the leading role of Party building in strengthening internal management of private enterprises.

It was stressed at the meeting that to optimize the mechanisms for ensuring the incomes of grain growers and for compensating major grain-producing areas, it is imperative to place the boosting of overall agricultural production capacity in a more prominent position, improve policies related to pricing, subsidies and insurance, and explore new ways of improving the effectiveness of grain business. To better support and protect grain production, it is essential to refine the mechanisms for motivating main grain-producing areas by providing government rewards and subsidies, and explore multiple channels to compensate grain production and consumption areas. Concrete steps should be taken to build mechanisms for compensation between provincial-level regions to ensure that major grain-producing areas, major grain-consuming areas and areas where agricultural production and consumption are balanced all assume their responsibilities for safeguarding food security. Efforts should be coordinated to support small household farmers and new types of agricultural business entities, and step up policy support, service guidance and the expansion of common interests. Efforts should also be made to link small household farmers with modern agricultural development.

It was noted at the meeting that the strategies of "going global" and "bringing in" should be combined in order to create an open and globally-competitive environment for scientific and technological innovation. It is also necessary to expand international scientific and technological exchanges, strive to establish partnerships of cooperation and mutual benefits, as well as plan ahead and get deeply involved in global science and technology governance. It is essential to strengthen the building of an internationalized environment for scientific research, focus on practical concerns of scientific researchers, solve prominent problems for them, and ensure that talents will be introduced, be able to stay and apply their expertise to the utmost. Efforts should be made to improve the science and technology security system and risk prevention mechanism so that the line for security will never be crossed in an open environment.

Members of the CCDOR attended the meeting. Leading officials from relevant central Party and state departments sat in on the meeting.

Xi meets representatives attending national conference on public security work

BEIJING, May 30 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, Chinese president, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, met with representatives attending a national conference on public security work at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on the afternoon of May 28. Xi extended sincere greetings to them and encouraged police personnel and auxiliary police officers nationwide to strive to promote the modernization of the country's public security work. He also urged them to make new and greater contributions to the building of a strong country and the realization of national rejuvenation.

Li Qiang, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang and Li Xi, all members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, attended the meeting.

At 4 p.m., Xi and other leaders arrived at the West Hall of the Great Hall of the People, and the room was filled with warm applause. Xi and other leaders walked up to the representatives and shook hands with them, talked with them from time to time, and had a group photo taken with them.

Chen Wenqing attended the meeting, and delivered a speech at the national conference on public security work held on the morning of May 29. Chen pointed out that it is imperative to adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on the Rule of Law and a holistic approach to national security, and thoroughly study and implement Xi's important expositions on public security work in the new era, so as to follow the right direction of public security work on the new journey. He also stressed the need to comprehensively strengthen the CPC's political work to forge a loyal, clean, responsible and strong public security force, which should faithfully perform its duties and missions, and go all out to prevent risks, ensure security, maintain stability, and promote development. He also noted the need to further build the rule of law and strengthen public security work, constantly enhance the quality, efficiency and credibility of law enforcement, and unswervingly adhere to the path of strengthening Chinese police force through reform so as to break new ground in the modernization of Chinese police force.

Li Ganjie, Wu Zhenglong and Wang Xiaohong were present. Wang Xiaohong presided over the conference.

Also present at the conference were leading officials from commissions for judicial, procuratorial and public security affairs under the Party committees of all provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and cities specifically designated in the state plan, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and provincial capitals, as well as leading officials from public security departments and bureaus under governments of the aforementioned localities. Leading officials from relevant central Party and state departments, and relevant units of the military attended the conference.

Xi delivers instructions on development of rural roads

BEIJING, May 30 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping has made important instructions on the development of rural roads that "are well built, managed, maintained and operated" in recent days. In the instructions, Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, stressed that the Ministry of Transport and other central and local authorities have implemented the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee in recent years, worked with perseverance to overcome difficulties, and made marked achievements in the development of rural roads that "are well built, managed, maintained and operated." As a result, farmers' sense of gain, happiness, and security has been boosted, and rural roads have turned out to be their path to wealth, happiness, and rural revitalization, as well as the path that brings them closer to the Party and government.

Xi stressed that efforts should be continued with perseverance on the new journey in the new era. Policies, laws and regulations should be further refined, governance capacity improved, a new round of actions taken to upgrade rural roads, and the high-quality development of rural roads that "are well built, managed, maintained and operated" further advanced. This will help build a beautiful and harmonious countryside that is desirable to live and work in, and provide solid support to bring common prosperity to rural residents, advance rural revitalization across the board, speed up modernization of agriculture and rural areas, and promote Chinese modernization.

This year's meeting on promoting high-quality development of rural roads that "are well built, managed, maintained and operated" was held in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province on May 29. He Lifeng, a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and vice premier, conveyed Xi's important instructions and delivered a speech at the meeting. He noted that Xi's important instructions charted the course of and provided fundamental guidance for the high-quality development of rural roads that "are well built, managed, maintained and operated" on the new journey in the new era. He also called for efforts to faithfully study and implement the guiding principles of Xi's important instructions, have a stronger sense of responsibility and urgency, and prioritize efforts to deliver on short- and medium-term major tasks. It is also imperative to improve the quality of road networks, strengthen the management and maintenance of the roads, boost the level of their operation, and ensure road safety. It is imperative to uphold and consolidate the Party's overall leadership, take comprehensively deepening reform as a driving force, make scientific planning in light of local conditions, and make sustained and long-term efforts, so as to continuously improve the capacity to do a good job for the development of rural roads that "are well built, managed, maintained and operated."

Those who delivered speeches at the meeting include leading officials from the Ministry of Transport, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Zhejiang Province, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Fujian Province, Guizhou Province, Hunan Province, and Gansu Province.

Full text: President Xi's keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the 10th ministerial conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum

Chinese President Xi Jinping attends the opening ceremony of the 10th ministerial conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum and delivers a keynote speech at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, capital of China, May 30, 2024. (Xinhua/Ding Haitao)

BEIJING, May 30 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Thursday delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the 10th ministerial conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum.

The following is the full text of his speech:

Further Deepening Cooperation and Moving Forward to Step up the Building of a China-Arab Community with a Shared Future

Keynote Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping

President of the People's Republic of China

At the Opening Ceremony of the 10th Ministerial Conference

Of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum

Beijing, May 30, 2024

Your Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa,

Your Excellency President Abdul Fatah Al-Sisi,

Your Excellency President Kais Saied,

Your Highness President Mohamed Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan,

Your Excellency Secretary General Ahmed Aboul Gheit of the League of Arab States,

Heads of Delegations,

Distinguished Guests,

Friends,

It gives me great pleasure to attend the opening ceremony of the Ministerial Conference of the China-Arab States Cooperation Forum. I always find it heart-warming to meet Arab friends. The friendship between the Chinese and Arab peoples is deeply rooted in our friendly exchanges along the ancient Silk Road, in our joint struggles for national liberation, and in our win-win cooperation in promoting national development.

China-Arab relations have kept scaling new heights since the beginning of the new century. At the first China-Arab States Summit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in December 2022, my Arab colleagues and I agreed unanimously to build a China-Arab community with a shared future in the new era. China is satisfied with the progress we have made in delivering on the Summit's outcomes. It will work with the Arab side to enhance the role of the Summit in providing strategic guidance for continued leapfrog growth of China-Arab relations. I am pleased to announce that we will host the second Summit in China in 2026, which will be another milestone in China-Arab relations.

Distinguished Guests,

Friends,

As changes unseen in a century unfold rapidly across the world, both China and Arab states strive to accomplish their historical missions of national rejuvenation and faster national development. Building a China-Arab community with a shared future is a strong statement of our common desire for a new era of China-Arab relations and a better future for the world.

China will work with the Arab side as good partners to make our relations a model for maintaining world peace and stability. In this turbulent world, peaceful relations come from mutual respect, and lasting security is built on fairness and justice. We will, together with the Arab side, respect the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter, the independent choice of every nation and the reality formed in history, and strive together for solutions to hotspot issues that uphold fairness and justice and sustain peace and security.

China will work with the Arab side in the spirit of equality and mutual benefit to make our relations a fine example of high-quality Belt and Road cooperation. The Silk Road spirit is passed on from generation to generation. It keeps China-Arab relations abreast with the times to the benefit of the two peoples. In this interdependent world, we will further synergize development strategies with the Arab side. We will strengthen cooperation in key areas such as oil, gas, trade and infrastructure, step up fostering new growth areas such as artificial intelligence (AI), investment, financing and new energy, and embark together on an innovative and green path to prosperity.

China will work with the Arab side in the spirit of inclusiveness and mutual learning to make our relations a paradigm of harmonious coexistence between civilizations. In a world of growing diversity, more dialogue means less confrontation, and more inclusiveness means less estrangement. Peace, truth, integrity and inclusiveness are the common pursuit of Chinese and Arab peoples. We are ready to work with the Arab side to promote people-to-people exchanges, champion the common values of humanity, and create a stellar example of mutual learning among civilizations in the new era.

China will work closely with the Arab side to make our relations a model for promoting good global governance. The entire humanity shares one common future, which has become an inevitable trend. But deficits in governance, trust, peace and development are getting wider. This calls on us to improve global governance under the principle of "planning together, building together, and benefiting together." We are ready to work with the Arab side to jointly champion an equal and orderly multipolar world and a universally beneficial and inclusive economic globalization, and set a model of South-South cooperation on global governance.

Distinguished Guests,

Friends,

At the first China-Arab States Summit, I put forward "eight major cooperation initiatives" for our practical cooperation. Since then, the Belt and Road cooperation documents we signed have expanded to cover a full range of areas thanks to our joint efforts over the past one year and more. New progress has been made in scientific R&D and technology transfer. Trade and energy cooperation have scaled new heights. Small and beautiful livelihood projects are advancing in parallel with signature flagship projects. Cooperation in areas such as food security, green innovation and health is deepening and getting more substantial. Platforms for people-to-people exchanges and cooperation are functioning well. Early harvests have been achieved in all the "eight major cooperation initiatives." Moving forward, China is ready to work with the Arab side on that basis to put in place the following "five cooperation frameworks" to step up the building of a China-Arab community with a shared future.

The first is a more dynamic framework for innovation. China will build with the Arab side ten joint laboratories in such areas as life and health, AI, green and low-carbon development, modern agriculture, and space and information technology. We will enhance cooperation on AI to make it empower the real economy and to promote a broad-based global governance system on AI. We also stand ready to build with the Arab side a joint space debris observation center and a Beidou application, cooperation and development center, and step up cooperation in manned space mission and passenger aircraft.

The second is an expanded framework for investment and finance cooperation. We are ready to establish with the Arab side an industry and investment cooperation forum, continue to expand the China-Arab states interbank association, and implement at a faster pace the cooperation projects that are financed by the special loans in support of industrialization in the Middle East as well as by the credit line for China-Arab financial cooperation. China supports closer cooperation between financial institutions from the two sides, welcomes Arab states to issue panda bonds in China, and welcomes Arab banks to join the Cross-border Interbank Payment System. China is also ready to deepen exchanges and cooperation on central bank digital currency with the Arab side.

The third is a more multifaceted framework for energy cooperation. China will further enhance strategic cooperation with the Arab side on oil and gas, and integrate supply security with market security. China is ready to work with the Arab side on new energy technology R&D and equipment production. We will support Chinese energy companies and financial institutions in participating in renewable energy projects in Arab states with total installed capacity of over 3 million kilowatts.

The fourth is a more balanced framework for mutually beneficial economic and trade ties. China will continue to implement vigorously the development cooperation projects with a total worth of RMB3 billion yuan. It stands ready to accelerate the negotiations on bilateral and regional free trade agreements and advance the dialogue mechanism for e-commerce cooperation. It welcomes active participation of the Arab side in the China International Import Expo, and is willing to expand import of non-energy products from the Arab side, especially agricultural products.

The fifth is a broader framework for people-to-people exchanges. China is ready to establish with the Arab side the China-Arab Center of Global Civilization Initiative, expand the size and influence of the China-Arab Research Center on Reform and Development, accelerate the establishment of such platforms as the think tank alliance, the youth development forum, the university alliance, and the research center on cultural and tourism cooperation. China will invite 200 leaders of Arab political parties to visit China every year. We plan to work with the Arab side to achieve the goal of 10 million two-way visits of tourists in the next five years.

Distinguished Guests,

Friends,

The Middle East is a land bestowed with broad prospects for development, but the war is still raging on it. Since last October, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict has escalated drastically, throwing the people into tremendous sufferings. War should not continue indefinitely. Justice should not be absent forever. Commitment to the two-State solution should not be wavered at will. China firmly supports the establishment of an independent State of Palestine that enjoys full sovereignty based on the 1967 borders and with East Jerusalem as its capital. It supports Palestine's full membership in the U.N., and supports a more broad-based, authoritative and effective international peace conference. On top of the previous RMB100 million yuan of emergency humanitarian assistance, China will provide an additional RMB500 million yuan of assistance to help ease the humanitarian crisis in Gaza and support post-conflict reconstruction. We will donate U.S.$3 million to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East in support of its emergency humanitarian assistance to Gaza.

As an Arab saying goes, friends are the sunshine in life. We will continue to work with our Arab friends to carry forward the spirit of China-Arab friendship, build together a better future, and make the road sunny toward a China-Arab community with a shared future!

Thank you!

Xi urges promotion of high-quality and sufficient employment

BEIJING, May 29 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee held its 14th group study session on the afternoon of May 27. The topic is about promoting high-quality and sufficient employment. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the session. He said that promoting high-quality and sufficient employment is the new orientation and mission of the employment work on the new journey in the new era. Xi urged the need to adhere to people-centered development philosophy, and fully implement the guiding principle that people seek jobs on their own, market adjusts employment and the government promotes employment and encourages starting businesses. Efforts are urged to continuously improve the quality of employment and expand its quantity within a reasonable range, so as to constantly enhance the sense of fulfillment, happiness, and security among workers. In doing this, it would help provide strong support for promoting the building of a strong country in all respects through a Chinese path to modernization, and the realization of national rejuvenation.

Mo Rong, head of the Chinese Academy of Labor and Social Security, gave a lecture on the high-quality and sufficient employment issue at the study session and put forth suggestions. Comrades of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee listened attentively and had discussions afterwards.

Xi delivered an important speech after listening to the lecture and discussions. He pointed out that employment is the most basic part of the people's livelihood, which is related to the people's immediate interests, the country's healthy economic and social development, and its long-term stability. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee has always placed employment work in a prominent position when it comes to the governance of the country, strengthened employment-first policies, and enhanced employment promotion mechanisms to effectively deal with various pressures and challenges. As a result, an average of 13 million new urban jobs were created annually, providing important support for improving people's livelihood and economic development. In practice, the CPC Central Committee has continuously deepened the understanding of the way the employment work should be done in the new era and accumulated a lot of experience. It mainly includes insisting on taking employment as the basic part of people's livelihood, implementing the employment-first strategy, promoting employment through development, combining expanding employment with improving its quality, focusing on the employment of key groups, encouraging starting businesses to create jobs, creating a fair employment environment, and adhering to building harmonious labor relations. Such practices are highly precious, and we should continue to build on them.

Xi underlined the need to unswervingly implement new development philosophy while taking high-quality and sufficient employment as a priority goal of economic and social development in a more conscious manner, so as to make high-quality development a process of expanding employment and improving its quality, and thus increase the capacity of development to create jobs. Xi said that with focus on developing new quality productive forces in light of local conditions, it is important to transform and upgrade traditional industries, foster and strengthen emerging industries, plan for the layout of future industries, improve the modern industrial system, and strive to create more high-quality jobs. He also noted that efforts are required to support the development of industries and enterprises that can create more jobs, and secure the steady expansion of employment. In light of the new trends in economic and social development and the people's new expectations for higher quality of life, Xi stressed the importance of vigorously developing new forms and models of businesses, actively exploring and cultivating new job categories, and developing new employment growth points. It is imperative to step up the assessment of the impact of major policies, major projects and distribution of major productive forces on employment, promote the coordination between employment policies and policies concerning fiscal, monetary, investment, consumption, industry and regional development, so as to make them work in the same direction and provide an employment-friendly approach.

Xi pointed out that to address the structural employment problems of imbalance between human resources supply and demand, efforts should be made to speed up the development of modern human resources with good quality, sufficient quantity, optimized structure and reasonable distribution. It is imperative to adapt to a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and make proper judgments in advance on the trends of human resources development. It is essential to coordinate education, training and employment, make dynamic adjustment to disciplines and resources for higher education, vigorously develop vocational education, and improve the system of lifelong vocational training. The mechanism of supply and demand should be optimized so as to place right talent in right positions, put people in jobs where their expertise can best apply, make it possible for all to give full play to their talent, and improve the quality and stability of employment. Intensive public awareness activities should be organized to guide the whole society to foster a correct outlook on employment, and open up new horizons in employment through a new thinking in seeking jobs. Efforts should be made to analyze why some industries face a labor shortage, and the situation that many job seekers are unable to land a job should be addressed by finding out why there are job vacancies in some industries.

Xi stressed that policies for providing employment support for key groups should be refined. Top priority should be given to the employment of young people including college graduates, and more jobs should be created for them to apply what they have learned and what they are adept at. Young people should be encouraged to find jobs or start businesses in key fields, key industries, primary-level institutions in urban and rural areas and micro, small and medium-sized enterprises, and market-oriented and social channels should be expanded for young people to find a job. It is imperative to coordinate efforts to promote new urbanization and advance rural revitalization across the board, attach equal importance to finding jobs outside hometowns and finding jobs near hometowns, take multiple steps to boost employment for migrant workers, and guide those leaving homes to work elsewhere to come back and talents from urban areas to go to rural areas to start their own businesses. It is imperative to stabilize the employment scale and income of those lifted out of poverty and see that no large number of people become poverty-stricken again due to unemployment. It is also necessary to redouble assistance to those groups who have difficulty finding employment due to old age, disability, and long-term unemployment, utilize public service positions in a coordinated manner, and secure jobs for zero-employment households. Efforts must also be made to ensure the employment of such groups as ex-service personnel and women.

Xi noted the necessity of deepening reform in employment systems and mechanisms. It is imperative to improve public services for employment and optimize public service system for employment. Efforts should also be made to improve the supportive mechanism for driving employment by entrepreneurship, optimize services for starting businesses, and boost the quality of business startups. It is also important to improve the unified and standard human resources market and create a fair and just employment environment, so as to allow everyone the opportunity to achieve self-development through hard work.

Xi stressed the need for strengthening protection of workers' rights and interests. Efforts should be made to improve labor laws and regulations, regularize labor standards for new employment forms, and optimize social security, so as to safeguard the lawful rights and interests of workers. It is imperative to further protect the rights and interests of workers involved in flexible employment and new forms of employment, expand pilot projects for work-related injury insurance, sum up experience in a timely manner and formulate institutions in this regard. Market regulation as well as oversight and law enforcement on labor security should be strengthened, and employment discrimination, wages and payments for social insurance in arrears, illegal layoffs and other problems should be effectively addressed.

Lastly, Xi pointed out that Party committees and governments at all levels should regard employment as a top priority for people's livelihood, strengthen organizational leadership, improve institutions and mechanisms, and enhance work synergy. It is necessary to accelerate the building of China's theoretical system on employment and effectively increase China's voice and influence in the field of employment on the global stage.

Political Bureau of CPC Central Committee holds meeting to review relevant documents

BEIJING, May 28 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee held a meeting on May 27 and reviewed two documents, namely Policy Measures to Accelerate Development of Central China in the New Era, and Regulations on Accountability for Failing to Prevent or Defuse Financial Risks (trial). Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.

It was noted at the meeting that it is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core to promote the development of central China. It is imperative to thoroughly understand the strategic intent of the CPC Central Committee, and the significance of strengthening the strategic position of central China as an important base in terms of grain production, energy and raw materials, modern equipment manufacturing and high-tech industry, and also a comprehensive transportation hub, so as to advance all key tasks to make new major breakthroughs in promoting the development of central China.

The meeting underlined the need for the region to give full play to its concentrated science and education resources, adhere to innovation-driven development, and strengthen original science and technology research. The region was required to develop new quality productive forces in light of local conditions, accelerate the building of a modern industrial system, expand and strengthen the real economy, coordinate the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, foster and strengthen emerging industries, and plan for the layout of future industries. While giving full play to its geographical advantages, the region should strengthen the construction of a modern transportation infrastructure system, and promote the efficient, free and convenient flow of factors so that the region will better integrate into serving the new development paradigm. Collaborative efforts are needed for the region to promote environmental protection and green and low-carbon development, and speed up the endeavors to build a beautiful central China.

It is imperative for the region to advance integrated urban-rural development and take solid steps to promote rural revitalization across the board. The region should attach importance to improving the capability to ensure the security of food, energy and resources, so as to realize mutual support between high-quality development and high-level security. The Central Leading Group for Coordinated Regional Development should strengthen the overall coordination to flesh out the content of all tasks, and push local efforts to fulfill the tasks by constantly checking the to-do list. Relevant departments should intensify their support, and provinces in central China including Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei and Hunan should bear their principal responsibilities and form synergy to write a new chapter in energizing the central region.

It was noted at the meeting that preventing and defusing financial risks bears heavily on the national security, the overall development and the safety of people's property, and it is the important work that must be done well in the process of achieving high-quality development. Formulating and introducing trial regulations concerning accountability for failing to prevent or defuse financial risks are aimed at further exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance in the financial sector. It is also meant to strengthen the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee over work in the financial sector, and to further make relevant administrative departments, financial institutions, competent departments in the sector, and local Party committees shoulder their responsibilities. With the new regulations, leading officials at all levels will be urged to have a correct understanding of what it means to perform well. They should make sure that various tasks in strengthening financial regulation across the board, preventing and defusing financial risks, and promoting high-quality development in the financial sector are fulfilled well.

It was noted at the meeting that a good job must be done in implementing the regulations. Rigor must be prioritized, specifications of the regulations must be enforced to the letter, and those violators must be held to account. The message must be brought home that those who fail to perform their duties will be held to account, and be severely punished. Financial oversight must have "teeth and thorns" and be sharp-pointed. Strict tone, measures and atmosphere must prevail in the financial sector forever.

Xi urges Shandong to write a chapter of Chinese modernization of its own

BEIJING, May 25 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, Chinese president and chairman of the Central Military Commission, emphasized during his recent inspection tour in Shandong Province that the province should position itself well and play a major role in the overall development of the country. He said that Shandong should fully and faithfully implement the new development philosophy, further deepen reform in order to be a pioneer in serving and integrating into the new development paradigm, in advancing innovation in economic and social development, and in promoting ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. The province was urged to accelerate the building of itself into a pilot zone for green, low-carbon, and high-quality development, and into a new highland for high-level opening up to the outside world so as to write a chapter of Chinese modernization of its own.

From May 22 to 24, Xi conducted fact-finding missions in cities including Rizhao and Jinan. He was accompanied by Lin Wu, secretary of CPC Shandong Provincial Committee, and Zhou Naixiang, governor of Shandong.

On the afternoon of May 22, Xi first visited Rizhao Port. The port stands as an important transfer base of energy resources and bulk raw materials. In the past few years, the port has boosted smart and green development, and developed into a parallel, open and fully automated container terminal. Xi was briefed on port development and construction in Shandong province as well as the planning and layout of Rizhao Port, and inspected the operation scenario of a fully automated container terminal. Xi said that Rizhao Port, as a new port after China's reform and opening-up drive, has transformed itself from a traditional port into a modern one through scientific and technological innovation in recent years. It has not only made the cargo throughput among the forefront of the country, but also accumulated experience in developing new quality productive forces through the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, which is worthy of praise. Xi extended cordial greetings to port science and technology workers, operation personnel and shipping personnel, hoping that everyone will make continuous efforts and continue to work hard to raise the management and operation of Rizhao Port to a higher level.

Later on, Xi inspected the Sunshine Coast Greenway in Rizhao City. In recent years, Rizhao City has carried out an ecological restoration project on the exposed coastal sites and damaged shoreline, and built about 28 kilometers of coast greenway, providing citizens and tourists with a good place for sports and leisure. Xi was briefed on the overall construction of the greenway, and inspected the ecological environment of the coastline that has been restored and harnessed. He learned about how local culture and tourism industries have been upgraded and what measures have been taken to improve the quality of local residents' life, and once in a while he talked with citizens and tourists. He pointed out that the construction of the greenway meets residents' need and is a popular project. To advance Chinese modernization is to constantly improve people's lives, and a more favorable environment brings a real sense of happiness to the residents, Xi said. He urged local people to work together in building and protecting their beautiful homeland.

On the morning of May 24, Xi listened to the report of CPC Shandong Provincial Committee and Shandong provincial government on their work in Jinan, and affirmed what the province has achieved in various aspects of its work.

Xi pointed out that Shandong has great potential to tap in promoting the deep integration of innovation in science and technology and that in industries, in developing new quality productive forces, and improving modern industrial system. He said that with focus on national strategic needs, Shandong should coordinate efforts to transform and upgrade traditional industries, nurture and expand emerging industries, and advance the layout of future industries, while unleashing the effectiveness of integrating the real economy with the digital economy, and developing new quality productive forces in light of local conditions. Xi also noted that the province should vigorously promote the transformation of its development mode to a green and low-carbon one, and advance innovation in green and environmentally friendly science and technology and industrial development. The province was urged to deeply align with the coordinated regional development strategy and strive to become an important economic growth pole in north China. Shandong should give full play to its unique advantage of boasting abundant marine resources, manage well the ocean, and leverage the resources to achieve strength, striving to build a world-class cluster of ports to create a highland for the development of a modern marine economy.

Xi urged Shandong to take the lead in further deepening reform across the board and promoting high-level opening up. To advance Chinese modernization, the province should focus its efforts on addressing major problems that constrain high-quality development, on improving systems and mechanisms, and on injecting vitality and impetus into its economy. The province should actively develop an international logistics corridor, vigorously promote innovation through collaboration in free trade zones, and build a demonstration area of institutional opening up. The province should also integrate itself into high-quality development of the Belt and Road Initiative, and build a high-level platform for international exchange and cooperation so as to become an important hub for smooth domestic and international economic flows.

Xi pointed out that as a major agricultural province and leading grain producer, Shandong plays a crucial role in safeguarding China's food security. It is imperative for the province to deepen integrated development of urban and rural areas, advance rural revitalization across the board, and improve the quality and efficiency of making plans and arrangements for villages. The province should intensify efforts to develop modern agriculture, and develop rural industries with local characteristics and the processing industry of agricultural products, extend the industrial chain and enhance the value chain. The development of high-standard cropland should be advanced to increase grain output and quality, so as to build a "granary of Qilu" at a higher level. It is essential for the province to consolidate and expand the achievement in poverty alleviation, expand the path for common prosperity, improve efficiency of its agricultural sector, boost income for farmers and inject vitality into rural areas. The province should apply and further develop the "Fengqiao model" for promoting community-level governance in the new era, guide community-level governance through Party building, improve primary-level Party organizations' capacity of leading primary-level governance, and improve the quality of public services in rural areas so as to consolidate the harmony and stability in rural areas, with residents living and working in peace and contentment.

Xi stressed that Shandong should shoulder the new mission of cultural development in the new era, and take proactive actions to promote cultural prosperity, build the country's strength in culture and advance modern Chinese civilization. It is imperative to stay confident in our own culture, further explore the best of fine traditional Chinese culture, advance its innovative transformation and development, and deepen exchanges and mutual learning with other civilizations through events such as the International Confucius Cultural Festival to enhance the appeal of Chinese culture. Efforts should be made to protect and utilize the revolutionary resources, vigorously carry forward the revolutionary traditions of Yimeng Mountain, and pass on such traditions from generation to generation. It is imperative to extensively practice the core socialist values, continuously further cultural and ethical advancement in urban and rural areas, promote the transformation of outdated rural customs, and make it possible for the ideas of modern civilization to gain acceptance in rural areas. It is a must to develop cultural programs and the cultural sector, launch new cultural programs for the benefit of residents, and vigorously advance cultural digitization. As a result, advanced socialist culture will add impetus and efficiency to economic development, add diversity and charm to tourism and leisure, and add positive energy and vitality to urban and rural society.

Xi stressed the necessity of upholding the Party's leadership and doing a good job in Party building in order to advance Chinese modernization. The ongoing campaign for the study of the Party discipline across the whole Party is one of the major tasks of Party building this year. Party organizations at all levels must carry out the study in a well-organized, steady, down-to-earth and efficient manner. It is imperative to strengthen education on awareness against corruption and do a good job in promoting the study and dissemination of Party disciplines through cases. As a result, being in awe of what one does and the awareness of self-discipline should become a daily reminder. Efforts should be made to guide Party members and officials to faithfully understand and observe the Party disciplines. On the basis of that, they should be encouraged to devote themselves to work, do whatever they believe is right without hesitation, forge ahead with determination, and take the initiative to make achievements that live up to the expectations of the people and the times. The campaign for the study of the Party discipline should be an opportunity for further fight against pointless formalities so as to reduce burden on primary-level officials and create a good environment for them to do their work well.

Xi stressed that Party committees and governments at all levels should ensure both development and security, and make great efforts to prevent and defuse risks in key areas such as small and medium-sized financial institutions, local government debt, and real estate. Those in charge must be held to account in earnest for workplace safety, preparation must be made in advance to preempt possible floods and other disasters, and work must be done to screen safety hazards in all areas so as to effectively forestall them.

Cai Qi, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and director of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee, accompanied Xi on the inspection tour.

Li Ganjie, He Lifeng, and leading officials from relevant central Party and state departments were also on the inspection tour.

On the morning of May 23, Xi met with military officers above colonel level of the armed forces stationed in Jinan. On behalf of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Military Commission, he extended sincere greetings to all officers and soldiers of Jinan-based troops, and had a photo taken with the military officers. Zhang Youxia accompanied Xi during the meeting.

Xi chairs symposium, urging further reform centering on Chinese modernization

BEIJING, May 24 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, Chinese president, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, presided over a symposium attended by representatives from businesses and academia in Jinan, Shandong Province on May 23. Xi delivered an important speech. Xi emphasized that at its 20th National Congress, the CPC made a grand blueprint for building a modern socialist country in all respects, and made arrangements for fulfilling the task of promoting the building of a strong country through a Chinese path to modernization on all fronts, and realizing national rejuvenation. He urged the need for deepening reform across the board with efforts centering on advancing Chinese modernization. In doing this, prominence must be given to the most important aspect of reform, orientation for values must be upheld, and particular attention be paid to the way reform is carried out so that impetus will be given to the fulfilling of core tasks and the achieving of strategic goals.

Wang Huning, chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and Cai Qi, director of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee, attended the symposium. Both are members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

At the forum, nine representatives of entrepreneurs and experts made speeches one after another. They include Liu Mingsheng, chairman and Party secretary of State Power Investment Corporation Limited, Zuo Ding, chairman and Party secretary of Shenzhen Capital Group Co., Ltd., Ding Shizhong, board chairman of ANTA Sports Products Limited., Xu Guanju, chairman of Zhejiang Transfar Group Co., Ltd., Xu Daquan, president of Bosch (China) Investment Ltd., Victor K. Fung, chairman of Hong Kong Fung Group, Zhou Qiren, professor of the National School of Development of Peking University, Huang Hanquan, head of the Chinese Academy of Macroeconomic Research, and Zhang Bin, deputy director of the Institute of World Economics and Politics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. They put forward opinions and suggestions on deepening the reform of the power system, developing venture capital investment, transforming and upgrading traditional industries with technology, establishing and improving the governance system of private enterprises, optimizing the business environment for foreign-funded enterprises, promoting Hong Kong's better integration into the new development paradigm, enhancing people's sense of gain in reform, promoting integrated urban and rural development, and improving the macroeconomic governance system. While they were delivering speeches, Xi had in-depth discussions with those present at intervals, and the atmosphere was lively and vibrant.

After listening to their speeches, Xi delivered an important address. He said that the CPC Central Committee would conduct fact-finding missions and widely solicit opinions from all sectors before making major decisions and drafting important documents. This has always been the practice and fine tradition of the Party. The relevant parties should carefully study whether the opinions and suggestions put forward at this symposium for further deepening reform across the board should be adopted.

Reform is the driving force for development, Xi said. He noted that to deepen reform further across the board, efforts should be focused on the overarching goals of improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and modernizing China's governance system and capacity. He also stressed the need to advance Chinese modernization, combine goal-oriented and problem-oriented approaches, and address issues directly for targeted improvements. Work must be done to resolutely overcome the ideological and institutional ills that hinder the smooth progress of Chinese modernization, remove deep-rooted barriers in institutions and mechanisms, and address structural problems, so as to continuously provide strong impetus and institutional safeguards for advancing Chinese modernization.

Xi stressed that efforts must be focused on major problems and important aspects of these problems in deepening reform across the board. It is imperative to adhere to and improve our country's basic economic system, build a high-level system for socialist market economy, and optimize the regulatory system for macro economy as well as the systems and mechanisms for high quality development. It is important to optimize the systems and mechanisms for innovation in all domains and integrated urban-rural development, further emancipate and develop the productive forces, enhance social dynamics and make it possible for the productive forces and the relations of production to better adapt to each other, and so do the economic basis and the superstructure to each other. Promoting economic reform should focus on practical needs and start from addressing the most pressing issues. Theoretical innovation should be deepened and institutional innovation advanced in the process of solving practical issues. Planning reform in other areas should also focus on holistic and strategic issues, so that the details are easy to arrange when the general plan is laid out.

Xi noted that the people's aspiration for a better life is what we have been striving for, and promoting reform and boosting development boils down to that ultimate goal as well. It is imperative to plan and advance reform with a focus on the people's overall, fundamental and long-term interests, and do a good job in implementing the Party's mass line in the new era. As such, by addressing people's immediate concerns such as employment, increasing incomes, education, health care services, housing, services for people's daily affairs, child care, elderly care and the safety of people's lives and property, we may identify where reform should be intensified and breakthroughs can be made. Reform measures addressing the most pressing concerns of the people and responding to their will should be taken as many as possible, and concrete approaches that deliver real benefits to the people, win their approval and respect their will should be adopted as many as possible, so that the reform can ensure that the people have a stronger sense of fulfillment, happiness and security.

Xi stressed that reform should do away with outdated rules and establish new ones. With proper ways, we may achieve twice as much for half the effort. Otherwise, we might achieve half as much for twice the effort or even negative result. It is a must to uphold fundamental principles and break new ground. No matter how the reform is carried out, it is imperative to resolutely adhere to fundamental principles such as upholding the Party's overall leadership, upholding Marxism, following the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and upholding the people's democratic dictatorship. At the same time, it is also important to innovate boldly, reform what can and should be reformed, and follow through the reform once the target is set. It is imperative to strengthen the integration of systems, promote reform with systems thinking and consideration for the bigger picture. It is also imperative to strengthen the coordination and mutual complementation of reform measures and make reform measures in different fields and sectors work in the same direction and form synergy for better overall efficacy. The phenomenon of policies going their own ways and constraining each other must be prevented and overcome. Reform hinges not only on planning but also on implementation of measures. It is essential to hammer away at how reform measures can be implemented to the letter. On the one hand, proactive approaches must be adopted, and on the other hand, reform must be carried out in a steady manner. Priorities must be clarified, and the timing and intensity of measures must be ensured for good effect. We must do our best within our capability, and should never be divorced from reality.

Li Ganjie and He Lifeng attended the symposium. Also present were leading officials from relevant central authorities and government departments, leading officials of Shandong Province, representatives from state-owned enterprises, private enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises, Hong Kong-funded enterprises, Macao-funded enterprises, Taiwan-funded enterprises, "little giant" enterprises that use specialized and sophisticated technologies, self-employed businesses, experts and scholars.

Xi stresses efforts to promote high-quality development of tourism sector

BEIJING, May 20 (Xinhua) -- President Xi Jinping, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, recently made important remarks on work related to the development of the tourism sector.

Xi pointed out that since China's reform and opening-up, especially since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012, the country's tourism sector has entered a fast lane of development. China has become the biggest domestic tourism market in the world, the largest source of international tourists, and a main destination for international travelers. The country's tourism has developed from a small and weak sector into a big and strong industry. It has increasingly become an emerging strategic pillar industry, which has contributed to the people's wellbeing and their sense of happiness. China has successfully blazed a path of tourism development with distinct characteristics, he said.

Xi stressed that on the new journey of the new era, tourism development is facing new opportunities and challenges. To improve the modern tourism industry and speed up building China into a leading tourism nation, it is a must, under the guidance of the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, to fully and faithfully implement the new development philosophy on all fronts, uphold fundamental principles and break new ground, enhance quality and efficiency, pursue integrated development, and coordinate the government and the market, supply and demand, protection and development, domestic and international markets as well as development and security. Only in this way will tourism better contribute to meeting people's growing needs for a better life, economic development, the building of a spiritual home, the showcasing of China's image, and mutual learning among civilizations.

He stressed the need for all regions and departments to strengthen the sense of responsibility and mission in their work, do their share of work well and coordinate joint efforts for the implementation of policies to promote the high-quality development of the tourism industry and ensure its steady and sustainable growth.

A national meeting on the development of the tourism sector was held on May 17 in Beijing. Li Shulei, a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and head of the Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Xi's important instructions at the meeting and delivered a speech. He urged efforts to study and implement Xi's important instructions and remarks on the development of the tourism sector, and to advance tourism with culture and promote culture with tourism, blazing a path with its own characteristics for the development of China's tourism. It is imperative to promote high-quality development of the tourism sector, speed up building China into a country strong in tourism, strengthen systematic planning and well-calibrated layout, and protect cultural heritage and ecological resources. It is also important to improve supply and service quality, deepen international tourism exchanges and cooperation, and continuously break new ground in this regard.

State Councilor Shen Yiqin presided over the meeting and gave a concluding speech.

Leading officials from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Transport, and Heilongjiang, Zhejiang, Hunan and Guizhou provinces shared their views.

Also present were leading officials from all provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities, sub-provincial cities, the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, relevant departments of the central and state organs, some major state-owned enterprises, and relevant culture and tourism associations and enterprises.

Full text of Xi's signed article in Hungarian media

BUDAPEST, May 8 (Xinhua) -- A signed article by Chinese President Xi Jinping titled "Embarking on a Golden Voyage in China-Hungary Relations" was published Wednesday in the Hungarian newspaper Magyar Nemzet.

The following is an English version of the full text of the article:

Embarking on a Golden Voyage in China-Hungary Relations

Xi Jinping

President of the People's Republic of China

In May when the fragrance of flowers and grass on the Great Hungarian Plain fills the air, I will pay a state visit to Hungary at the invitation of President Tamas Sulyok and Prime Minister Viktor Orban. This will be my second time to come to this land of beauty and abundance in a span of 15 years.

Over the past 15 years, I have met with visiting Hungarian leaders on many occasions. We have forged a deep friendship. I very much look forward to returning to your country to renew our friendship and work with my friends on a new blueprint for China-Hungary relations and cooperation in the new era.

Hungary is home to magnificent natural landscapes and talented people and is known for its profound historical and cultural heritage. The epic works of the patriotic poet Sandor Petofi and the powerful melodies of the great virtuoso pianist Franz Liszt impressed the world. The Hungarian people, being industrious, intelligent, open, inclusive, pioneering and creative, have contributed to human civilization with inventions of the modern ballpoint pen, holography, and the Rubik's Cube, to name just a few.

Although our two countries are geographically far apart, our two peoples have been friends for centuries. China and Hungary stood together in solidarity and looked out for each other in trying times of the global financial crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic, leaving behind many touching stories of friendship. Our long-standing friendship is as mellow and rich as Tokaji wine.

This year marks the 75th anniversary of China-Hungary diplomatic relations. The bilateral relationship has since been developing and growing steadily and soundly with tangible results achieved in all fields. We respect and treat each other as equals, and pursue mutually beneficial cooperation. We see each other as a priority partner of cooperation. We have gone through hardships together and defied power politics together amid volatile international situations. We have found our respective path for sovereign states to independently conduct friendly exchanges with other countries.

Over the past 75 years, China and Hungary have remained good friends and treated each other with sincerity. We have kept our original aspiration for friendship in mind since the establishment of diplomatic ties. We have respected and supported the development path of our own choice respectively. We have shown understanding and provided support to each other on issues that bear on our respective core interests and are of major concern to us. We have taken delight in each other's progress in national development and revitalization. We have developed a high degree of political mutual trust. Our bilateral relationship is at its best in history, and has embarked on a golden voyage.

Over the past 75 years, China and Hungary have remained good partners for win-win cooperation. Focusing on high-quality Belt and Road cooperation, our two countries are strengthening synergy in development strategies and deepening results-oriented cooperation in such areas as investment, infrastructure, finance, new energy, and telecommunication technology. Our cooperation is injecting new impetus into global economic recovery. Today Hungary is China's top investment destination as well as its important trading partner in Central and Eastern Europe. Our bilateral cooperation is strong, fruitful, and dynamic.

Over the past 75 years, China and Hungary have remained good friends and learned from each other. The Hungarian Cultural Center in Beijing has been operating for years with success. The China Cultural Center in Budapest will soon be officially inaugurated. Hungarian language courses are on the curriculum of many Chinese universities. The Confucius Institutes and Confucius Classrooms are gaining popularity and participation in Hungary. The Hungarian-Chinese bilingual school in Budapest has fostered a great number of Hungarians who are carrying forward our friendship. Exchanges and mutual visits at the subnational level are growing. Direct passenger flights reach double-digit per week. Measures to facilitate two-way travels are in place and delivering substantial results. The more exchanges between our peoples, the stronger the foundations of our friendship will be.

Currently, China and Hungary both stand at an important stage of development. China is pursuing high-quality development and promoting high-standard opening up, and is working to build itself into a great modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through the Chinese path to modernization.

Hungary on its part is making every effort for greater development. During my upcoming visit, I hope to work together with Hungarian leaders to renew China-Hungary traditional friendship, deepen mutually beneficial cooperation, and take the China-Hungary comprehensive strategic partnership to new heights.

-Our two countries need to carry forward our tradition of friendship and strengthen the political foundations of bilateral relationship. Stronger political mutual trust is the cornerstone of rapid and steady development of China-Hungary relations. China is willing to build on the 75 years of our diplomatic relations and work with Hungary to make top-level designs for the relationship from a strategic and long-term perspective, sustain the strong momentum of high-level interactions, and support regular exchanges and policy communication between our governments, legislatures and political parties. We should continue to firmly support each other on issues that involve our respective core interests. This will provide a strong political guarantee for the high-standard development of China-Hungary relations.

-Our two countries need to forge greater synergy in development strategies and strive for new highlights in practical cooperation. We will work with Hungary to forge greater synergy between the Belt and Road Initiative and Hungary's Eastern Opening strategy, and accelerate the construction of the Budapest-Belgrade railway link and other significant cooperation projects. China will stay committed to promoting high-standard opening up. We will strengthen cooperation with Hungary in clean energy, artificial intelligence, digital economy, green development, and other emerging areas, foster new quality productive forces, and serve our respective high-quality development.

-Our two countries need to expand cultural and people-to-people exchanges and cement public support for bilateral relations. People-to-people connectivity is an endless source of strength for China-Hungary relations. China is willing to expand with Hungary exchanges and cooperation in education, culture, tourism, sport, youth, the media and at the subnational level, support the teaching of each other's languages, make full use of cultural centers, and encourage more communication and interaction between peoples and between institutions. We will continue to work with Hungary to upgrade mutual visa facilitation, expand direct flights, and facilitate people-to-people exchanges.

-Our two countries need to lead regional cooperation and keep to the right direction of China-Europe relations. The cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European countries conforms with the trends of the times and development, and serves the common interests of all relevant countries. It is also an important complement to the overall China-Europe relationship. Recently, there are signs of stability for the better in China-Europe relations. As comprehensive strategic partners, China and Europe have a broad range of shared interests. Their relationship is more cooperative than competitive and features more consensus than differences. The two sides have the responsibility to provide together more stability for the world and more impetus for global development. We are ready to work with Hungary to deepen and substantiate China's cooperation with Central and Eastern European countries and to ensure steady and sustained growth of China-Europe relations.

-Our two countries need to enhance communication on international affairs and join hands to address global challenges. At present, transformation not seen in a century is accelerating across the world and global challenges keep emerging. The international community must make a response together. China and Hungary have similar views and positions on international and regional situations. It is important that we stay committed to solidarity and collaboration, champion humanity's common values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom, and practice true multilateralism. We should advocate an equal and orderly multipolar world and a universally beneficial and inclusive economic globalization, endeavor continuously to build a community with a shared future for mankind, and inject more positive energy into safeguarding world peace and promoting common development.

As an old Chinese saying goes, "No mountain and ocean can distance people with shared aspirations." Our Hungarian friends often say, "A good friend is more precious than gold." On the new journey of the new era, China looks forward to working closely with our Hungarian friends to write new stories of friendship, open a new chapter of cooperation, and strive for a better future for the two peoples.

Full text of Xi's signed article in Serbian media

BELGRADE, May 7 (Xinhua) -- A signed article by Chinese President Xi Jinping titled "May the Light of Our Ironclad Friendship Shine on the Path of China-Serbia Cooperation" was published Tuesday in Serbian media Politika.

The following is an English version of the full text of the article:

May the Light of Our Ironclad Friendship Shine on the Path of China-Serbia Cooperation

Xi Jinping, president of the People's Republic of China

When summer comes, all beings flourish. This is what makes summer the season of hope. I will pay a state visit to the Republic of Serbia at the invitation of President Aleksandar Vučić. This will be my second visit to your country, a land of beauty and legends, as President of the People's Republic of China. The sweet scenes that prevailed during my last visit eight years ago remain very much alive in my mind. The close cooperation between our two countries over the past eight years has delivered fruitful outcomes. I look forward to meeting with President Aleksandar Vučić and other Serbian leaders and friends to renew our friendship, explore ways of cooperation, and make the ironclad friendship between China and Serbia more dynamic.

There has always been an affinity between Chinese and Serbian peoples despite the long distance between us. During the bitter Anti-Fascist War and our respective nation-building in the last century, the Chinese and Serbian peoples forged a strong friendship that extends through time and space. Amid the ongoing transformations unseen in a century in the world, our mutual support remains as strong as ever, our cooperation is closer, and our exchanges and mutual learning more substantive. Whatever changes in the international landscape, China and Serbia remain true friends and good partners. Our ironclad friendship is ever-growing, setting a model for state-to-state and people-to-people interactions.

Our two countries have always respected and trusted each other. President Vučić and I have developed a good working relationship through our meetings, phone calls, and exchanges of letters. Our two countries have also maintained frequent exchanges at all levels and in all areas. We fully appreciate and respect the development paths that our respective nation has chosen. We uphold fairness and justice, firmly support each other on issues that bear on our respective core interests and are of major concern to us. We have kept close and smooth coordination and collaboration at the bilateral and multilateral levels. We have built an ever stronger comprehensive strategic partnership that is delivering tangible outcomes.

Our two countries have stayed committed to mutual benefit. Serbia is China's first free trade partner in Central and Eastern Europe. Last year, China was Serbia's largest source of foreign investment and its second largest trading partner. Our thriving cooperation in trade and economic relations, industrial chain, and infrastructure development lends a great boost to our respective process of modernization. In 2016, I visited the Smederevo steel plant of HBIS Serbia, which has become one of the three biggest export companies in Serbia. Serbian honey, red wine, beef, lamb and other agricultural products are very popular among Chinese consumers.

Our two countries have always helped each other. Following the COVID-19 outbreak, I spoke with President Vučić twice on the phone and we agreed on a collaborative response to the pandemic. China provided assistance, prioritized the provision of multiple shipments of protective medical supplies, and sent medical experts to Serbia. On its part, Serbia provided full support to China in implementing its "Spring Sprout" program to vaccinate Chinese citizens living and working in Serbia. Nongovernmental organizations in Serbia voluntarily donated masks and other supplies to the Chinese people. Our mutual support in challenging times testifies to our invaluable brotherly friendship.

Our two countries have always been learning from each other. We are both committed to delivering a better life for our peoples and making our countries strong and prosperous. We have implemented many programs to share experience in governance, and have enhanced exchanges between our political parties. Our peoples have warm feelings toward each other, as evidenced by the robust cultural, sports, tourism and people-to-people exchanges. Nikola Jokić, the Serbian basketball superstar, personally cheered on players of Chinese rural basketball games. China and Serbia have agreed on a mutual visa-free arrangement for ordinary passport holders, which facilitates people-to-people exchanges and bilateral cooperation.

A Chinese axiom goes, "Friends are those who are like-minded." And Serbians would say, "Friends are the greatest asset in life." The long-lasting friendship and win-win cooperation between China and Serbia makes it clear to us that a stronger bilateral relationship conforms with the trend of history and serves the best interests of our two peoples. It also helps promote our common progress. On the new journey of the new era, the China-Serbia comprehensive strategic partnership has more potential for further growth. During my upcoming visit, I will work with my Serbian friends to bring out the best in our ironclad friendship and take real efforts to deliver more benefits to our two peoples, advance world peace and development, and promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

We should always be good friends and treat each other with sincerity. We will deepen and expand our comprehensive strategic partnership. We will continue to show each other understanding, trust, support and assistance. We will remain steadfast in supporting each other on issues that bear on our respective core interests and are of major concern to us. China respects and supports the development path that the Serbian people have chosen of their own will. We support Serbia's efforts to uphold its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and oppose any attempt by any forces to interfere in Serbia's internal affairs.

We should always be good partners for win-win cooperation. China is striving for its modernization in all respects through high-quality development, and moving faster to develop new quality productive forces. Serbia has achieved remarkable economic and social development in recent years. Our two countries should further unleash the potential of our mutually beneficial cooperation. We should deliver on the midterm action plan for Belt and Road cooperation, and build more flagship projects. We should expand cooperation in technological innovation, advanced manufacturing, green energy, digital economy, artificial intelligence and other emerging areas. We should share development opportunities and create a better future together.

We should always play an exemplary role in promoting fairness and justice. As ironclad friends and defenders for world peace, China and Serbia hold similar positions on many major international and regional issues. Facing a fluid and turbulent world, we should step up coordination and cooperation in the United Nations and other international organizations, and advocate an equal and orderly multipolar world and a universally beneficial and inclusive economic globalization. We should practice true multilateralism, and endeavor to maintain world peace and stability and safeguard international fairness and justice.

We should always strengthen the heart-to-heart connection between our two peoples. Our ironclad friendship has withstood the test of blood and fire, and shines even brighter in the new era. We should promote multi-dimensional people-to-people and cultural exchanges, and diversify subnational cooperation. We should make good use of the combined effect of "mutual visa exemption plus direct flights" as well as our respective cultural centers to promote cooperation in education, sports, culture and tourism. We should create more opportunities for our youth so that the China-Serbia friendship will be carried forward from generation to generation.

Twenty-five years ago today, NATO flagrantly bombed the Chinese embassy in Yugoslavia, killing three Chinese journalists-Ms. Shao Yunhuan, Mr. Xu Xinghu and his wife Zhu Ying. This we should never forget. The Chinese people cherish peace, but we will never allow such tragic history to repeat itself. The China-Serbia friendship, forged with the blood of our compatriots, will stay in the shared memory of the Chinese and Serbian peoples, and will inspire us to march forward with big strides.

While looking back at the journey our two countries have traveled together, we also look forward to the promising future we aspire to embrace. We have now come to a new historic milestone. We on the Chinese side are ready to work hand in hand with our Serbian friends to make our shared aspiration and common progress a reality. Together we will write a new chapter in the development and rejuvenation of our nations. Together we will build a China-Serbia community with a shared future in the new era. Flowers in spring will turn into fruits in autumn. The tree of China-Serbia friendship will grow tall and sturdy and bear more fruits for our two peoples. This is what we expect and what we hope to witness together.

Full text of Xi's speech at the closing ceremony of the Sixth Meeting of the China-France Business Council

Chinese President Xi Jinping attends the closing ceremony of the Sixth Meeting of the China-France Business Council together with French President Emmanuel Macron and delivers a speech titled "Building on Past Achievements to Jointly Usher in a New Era in China-France Cooperation" in Paris, France, May 6, 2024. (Xinhua/Xie Huanchi)

PARIS, May 6 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday delivered a speech here at the closing ceremony of the Sixth Meeting of the China-France Business Council.

The following is the full text of the speech:

 

Building on Past Achievements to Jointly Usher in a New Era

In China-France Cooperation

 

Remarks by H.E. Xi Jinping

President of the People's Republic of China

At the Closing Ceremony of The Sixth Meeting of the China-France Business Council

 

Paris, May 6, 2024

 

Your Excellency President Emmanuel Macron,

Representatives of the Chinese and French Business Communities,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

It gives me great pleasure to attend the China-France Business Council meeting with President Macron again in a little over a year and to meet friends, old and new, of the business communities of the two countries. It has been five years since I last visited Paris. I wish to start by extending my warm greetings to you all. I wish the Council's sixth meeting a full success.

This year marks the 60th anniversary of China-France diplomatic relations. Sixty years complete one cycle in the traditional Chinese calendar, bridging the past and the future.

For 60 years, China and France have remained devoted friends of each other. We both have always committed to the principles of independence, mutual understanding, strategic vision, and win-win cooperation which underpinned the establishment of our diplomatic relations. Together, we have traversed an extraordinary journey, and forged a close and lasting comprehensive strategic partnership. The China-France relationship has always been a pacesetter for the relations between China and Western countries. It shows how countries with different cultures, systems and development levels can help each other succeed and make progress together. China-France friendship is in the best interest of the Chinese and French peoples as well as the interest of the whole world.

For 60 years, China and France have remained win-win partners of each other. Bilateral trade and investment have grown tremendously from negligible levels. Our trade has expanded by nearly 800 times since the establishment of diplomatic relations, reaching 78.9 billion U.S. dollars. Cumulative two-way investment has exceeded 26 billion U.S. dollars. More than 2,000 French companies have woven themselves into the fabric of the Chinese market. China is the largest trading partner of France outside the EU, and France is a major EU trading partner of China. Flagship projects such as the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant and Airbus A320 Family assembly facilities in Tianjin stand as vivid examples of our mutually beneficial cooperation. Our two countries are also engaged in enthusiastic discussions on expanding cooperation in emerging fields such as green and low-carbon development, digital economy and cross-border e-commerce. Thanks to 60 years of growth, our economies are now closely intertwined and highly symbiotic.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

Both China and France are parts of the Eurasian continent, located at its east and west ends respectively. China is a typical Eastern civilization, and France showcases the Western. Our two countries do not have geopolitical conflicts, and we do not have clashes of fundamental interests. What we do have in common is we both think independently, both are fascinated by our splendid cultures, and we are engaged in result-oriented cooperation based on many shared interests. Our experiences in the past and at present both show that there is no reason for failures in bringing out the best in China-France relations. We have now reached a new crossroads in the development of mankind and face global changes unseen in a century. Against this backdrop, China is ready to enhance all-round exchanges and cooperation with France, bring the China-France relationship to a new stage and make it even more productive.

-- Looking to the future, we will work with France to enrich the economic and trade dimensions of the China-France comprehensive strategic partnership. As one of the earliest participants in China's reform and opening up, France has contributed to China's modernization drive and benefited from it. Deeper friendship calls for frequent exchanges and closer cooperation. We always view France as a priority and trustworthy partner of cooperation. We are committed to expanding our business relations in both width and depth by opening up new areas, creating new models and fostering new growth areas. China will continue to make full use of the "French farm to Chinese dining table" whole-chain rapid coordination mechanism, and bring more cheese, ham, wine and other quality agricultural products from France to the dining tables of Chinese families. China has decided to extend visa exemption entry for citizens from 12 countries including France on short-term visits to China until the end of 2025, a step that will further boost people-to-people exchanges.

-- Looking to the future, we will work with France to deepen China-Europe mutually beneficial cooperation. China and Europe are two major forces in building a multipolar world, two big markets that promote globalization, and two great civilizations that advocate cultural diversity. China-Europe relations are crucial for peace, stability and prosperity of the world. The two sides should always define China-Europe relations as a comprehensive strategic partnership, continue to enhance political mutual trust, remove various distractions, and jointly oppose attempts to turn business relations into political, ideological or security issues. We hope that Europe will work together with us to increase understanding through dialogue, resolve differences through cooperation, and defuse risks with enhanced mutual trust. We should turn China and Europe into each other's key partners for business cooperation, priority partners for cooperation in science and technology, and trustworthy partners for cooperation in industrial and supply chains. China will, on its own initiative, further open up the service sector including telecommunication and medical services, and open its market wider to create more opportunities for companies of France, Europe and beyond.

-- Looking to the future, we are ready to join hands with France to tackle global challenges. The world today is facing growing peace deficit, development deficit, security deficit and governance deficit. Both China and France are independent major countries and permanent members of the U.N. Security Council. This means our two countries need to shoulder our responsibilities and missions to enhance stability in China-France relations to address uncertainties of the world. We need to step up coordination in the U.N. and provide more leadership and support for global governance so as to build an equal and orderly multipolar world. China and France need to practice true multilateralism, further promote all-round WTO reform, uphold the authority and performance of the multilateral trading regime with the WTO at its core, keep the global economy open, and promote a universally beneficial and inclusive economic globalization. China and France need to urge the international community to pool strengths, stand by the goals and principles of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, actively address climate change, advance the global process of biological diversity protection, and jointly protect the Earth, our common home.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

Reform and opening up, a truly remarkable endeavor, is the defining feature of China today. China is pursuing high-standard opening up to advance in-depth reform and high-quality development. We are upgrading traditional industries, fostering emerging industries, laying the groundwork for future industries, and moving faster to promote new quality productive forces. We are considering and taking major steps to further deepen reform across the board, steadily expand institutional opening up, further expand market access, and shorten the negative list for foreign investment. All this will create an even bigger market and present more opportunities for win-win cooperation for France and other countries. We welcome French entrepreneurs present today to play an active part in the Chinese modernization process and benefit from China's development opportunities.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

In more than two months, the Paris 2024 Olympic Games will open by the beautiful Seine River. The Olympic Games is a symbol of solidarity, friendship and mutual learning between civilizations. Let us stay committed to the goal set by our two countries when our diplomatic ties were forged, boost our traditional friendship, and practice the Olympic motto of "Faster, Higher, Stronger-Together." Let us join hands to open up a new era of China-France cooperation and write a new chapter in building a community with a shared future for mankind.

Thank you.

Full text of Xi's signed article in French media

PARIS, May 5 (Xinhua) -- A signed article by Chinese President Xi Jinping titled "Carrying Forward the Spirit that Guided the Establishment of China-France Diplomatic Relations, Working Together for Global Peace and Development" was published Sunday in French media Le Figaro.

The following is an English version of the full text of the article:

Carrying Forward the Spirit that Guided the Establishment of China-France Diplomatic Relations, Working Together for Global Peace and Development

Xi Jinping, president of the People's Republic of China

I am delighted to pay my third state visit to France at the invitation of President Emmanuel Macron.

France holds a special fascination for us Chinese. This country has produced a galaxy of philosophers, writers, and artists with global appeal who have inspired all humanity. Over 150 years ago, French nationals helped China found its Fujian Navy Yard and the Fujian Naval Academy. France was also the first country to welcome government-sponsored students from China. A century ago, a number of young Chinese traveled to France for further education. Some of these young patriots went on to make remarkable contribution to the founding and development of New China. France was also the first major Western country to enter into formal diplomatic ties with New China.

The year 2024 is of special significance. I will visit France bringing with me three messages from China.

— China will work with France to carry forward the spirit that guided the establishment of their diplomatic ties, build on past achievements and open new vistas for China-France relations.

This year marks the 60th anniversary of China-France relations. Six decades ago, General Charles de Gaulle, with a strategic vision based on the trend of the time, resolved to establish diplomatic relations with New China. It wasn't easy to make this independent decision at the height of the Cold War, but it has proven to be right and foresighted. With the establishment of China-France relations, a bridge of communication between the East and West was built, and the international relations were able to evolve in the direction of dialogue and cooperation.

In these six decades, China-France relations have stayed abreast of the times. Our two countries took the lead in establishing a comprehensive strategic partnership and launching institutional strategic dialogue in China's relations with Western countries. We spearheaded cooperation in aviation and nuclear energy and on third-party markets. We were among the first to mutually open cultural centers and start cultural year activities, providing guidance for mutual learning between civilizations. China-France cooperation contributed to the conclusion of the Paris Agreement on climate change and the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, boosting strongly the implementation of the global climate agenda.

History is our best teacher. We live in a world that is far from being tranquil and is once again facing a multitude of risks. China is ready to work with France in the spirit that guided the establishment of our diplomatic ties to forge a stronger comprehensive strategic partnership between our two countries and make new contributions to stronger cooperation of the global community.

— China will open even wider to the world and deepen cooperation with France and other countries.

This year marks the 75th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. Through 75 years of perseverant hard work, the Chinese people have turned China from an impoverished country into the second largest economy in the world. Several hundred million people in rural areas were lifted out of poverty, a miracle in the history of humanity. The Chinese economy registered 5.2 percent growth in 2023, and is expected to grow by around 5 percent in 2024 with greater progress toward high-quality development. China will remain a source of global growth and create opportunities for all countries.

One thing that has made China's development possible is our firm commitment to opening up. We welcome more quality French farm products and cosmetics to the Chinese market to meet the ever-growing needs of the Chinese people for a better life. We welcome investment by companies from France and other countries to China. To this end, we have fully opened up China's manufacturing sector, and will move faster to expand market access to telecom, medical and other services. We also have a 15-day visa-exemption policy for visitors from many countries including France, and we have taken further measures to facilitate travel and payment by foreigners in China.

While opening up itself, China also encourages Chinese companies to go global. France is advancing re-industrialization based on green innovation, whereas China is accelerating the development of new quality productive forces. Our two countries can deepen cooperation on innovation and jointly promote green development. Some Chinese companies have set up battery plants in France. The Chinese government supports more Chinese companies in investing in France. And we hope that France will ensure that they operate in a fair and equitable business environment.

— China will strengthen communication and coordination with France to uphold world peace and stability.

This year marks the 70th anniversary of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. Seven decades ago, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai put forth in full the five principles for the first time -- "mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence." Through 70 years, the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have been widely accepted and recognized by countries across the world. They have become an important norm governing contemporary international relations.

China has faithfully practiced the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. Over the past 70-plus years since its founding, New China never provoked a war or occupied an inch of foreign land. China is the only country around the world that includes in its Constitution the commitment to the path of peaceful development, and China is the only country among the major nuclear-weapon states that is committed to no-first-use of nuclear weapons.

I have proposed in recent years the Global Development Initiative, the Global Security Initiative, and the Global Civilization Initiative. As part of China's efforts to help improve global governance and resolve tough question regarding human development, the three initiatives have won the support of more than 100 countries and international organizations.

China understands the repercussions of the Ukraine crisis on the people of Europe. China did not start the Ukraine crisis, nor is it a party to or a participant in it. Nonetheless, China has been playing a constructive role in striving for peaceful settlement of the crisis. I have made many appeals, among others, observing the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, respecting sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries, and addressing the legitimate security concerns of all sides. I have stressed that nuclear weapons must not be used, and a nuclear war must not be fought. China has delivered to Ukraine many shipments of humanitarian aids, and sent its special representative many times to mediate among the countries concerned. The longer the Ukraine crisis drags on, the greater harm it will do to Europe and the world. China hopes that peace and stability will return to Europe at an early date. We stand ready to work with France and the whole international community to find a reasonable way out of the crisis.

The Palestinian-Israeli conflict pulls on our heartstrings as well. The fundamental solution lies in the establishment of an independent State of Palestine. History has repeatedly shown that the recurrent Palestine-Israel problem is rooted essentially in the failure of actual enforcement of relevant UN resolutions, in the continued erosion of the foundation for the two-State solution, and the deviation of the Middle East peace process. China and France have many in common on the Palestine-Israel issue. It is thus critical that we strengthen cooperation and help restore peace in the Middle East.

Confucius observed that "a man of true moral integrity is one who is both friendly but independent, and who does not compromise his principles, and who is independent without any bias or taking sides. How unflinchingly firm he is in his strength!" French writer Romain Rolland said that "it is so much easier to allow oneself to be guided than it is to think for oneself. This abdication is the kernel of the mischief." Both China and France value independence as two major countries. Our interactions in the long course of history have released tremendous energy swaying the trajectory of the world. Now we are standing at another historical starting point. Let us join hands together on this new journey toward greater progress in China-France relations to the benefit of our two countries and the world!

20th CPC Central Committee to hold its third plenary session in July

BEIJING, May 1 (Xinhua) -- The third plenary session of the 20th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee will be held in Beijing in July, according to a decision made at a CPC Central Committee Political Bureau meeting on April 30. According to the main agenda of the session, the Political Bureau will report its work to the Central Committee, and issues concerning further comprehensively deepening reform and advancing Chinese modernization will be studied. The Political Bureau meeting also analyzed the current economic situation and economic work, and deliberated a document on policies and measures for continuously advancing the high-quality integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.

Reform and opening up is an effective instrument for the Party and the people to make great strides in keeping up with the times in pursuing their cause, according to the meeting. The current and future periods are critical for building a strong country and realizing national rejuvenation on all fronts through a Chinese path to modernization. China's reform must continue in the face of complex international and domestic situations, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial changes, and the new anticipation of the people, according to the meeting. Deepening reform is a natural requirement for upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and modernizing China's governance system and capacity, according to the meeting. It is also a natural requirement for implementing the new development philosophy and better adapting to the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society, and for adhering to the people-centered approach to ensure that all the people share the benefits of modernization more fully and fairly. It is a natural requirement for coping with major risks and challenges and achieving steady progress in pursuing the Party and the country's cause, for promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind and winning the strategic initiative in the increasingly fierce international competition. It is also a natural requirement for solving the problems unique to a large Party as ours and building a stronger Marxist party, the meeting noted. The whole Party must put reform in a more prominent position and deepen reform in all respects with a focus on promoting Chinese modernization, according to the meeting.

It was stressed at the meeting that further deepening reform in all respects requires efforts to uphold Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development, fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and thoroughly study and implement General Secretary Xi's new ideas, viewpoints and inferences in this regard. Efforts are also needed to faithfully implement the new development philosophy on all fronts, adhere to the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining stability, and emancipate the mind, liberate and develop social productive forces, as well as unleash and enhance social vitality, the meeting noted. Efforts were noted at the meeting to take into consideration both the domestic and international situations, coordinate the promotion of the Five-Sphere Integrated Plan and the advancement of the Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy. Further comprehensive reform should be led by reform of the economic system, with advancing social equality and justice and improving people's wellbeing as both the starting point and the ultimate goal of China's socialist cause. More attention should be paid to system integration, addressing priorities and achieving concrete outcomes, so as to promote better alignment between production relations and productive forces, superstructure and economic foundation, as well as China's governance system and social development. This will help provide powerful driving force and institutional guarantees for Chinese modernization, according to the meeting.

It was stressed at the meeting that, since the beginning of this year, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, all regions and all departments have intensified efforts to promote economic development, consolidating and enhancing the positive trend of economic recovery. Economic operation has seen a rise in positive indicators, with momentum further enhanced. As a result, public expectations have improved and high-quality development has been advanced in a steady manner. Economic development has demonstrated signs of rapid growth, optimized structure and improved quality and efficiency, achieving a good start.

It was underscored at the meeting that the ongoing positive trend of economic recovery is confronted with multiple challenges, including insufficient demand, high operation pressure facing enterprises, various hidden risks in key sectors, unsmooth domestic economic flow, as well as an external environment that is more complicated, grimmer and more uncertain. At the same time, it should be noted that the Chinese economy has a stable foundation, abundant advantages, strong resilience and great potential. A good start and sound recovery are the basic features and trends of the current economic performance. There should be more confidence in economic work.

It was stressed at the meeting that efforts should be made to earnestly implement the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference and the annual "two sessions," adhere to the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining stability, faithfully implement the new development philosophy on all fronts, accelerate the building of a new development paradigm, strive to promote high-quality development, press ahead when situation is favorable, avoid doing too much work at the beginning and slackening efforts later on, and effectively consolidate and enhance the good trend of economic recovery.

It was noted at the meeting that it is necessary to make efforts as timely as possible to effectively implement the macro policies that have been determined, and implement a proactive fiscal policy and a prudent monetary policy. It is necessary to issue and put to good use ultra-long-term special treasury bonds as soon as possible, expedite the issuance and use of special-purpose bonds, maintain the necessary intensity of fiscal expenditure, and secure the expenditure for ensuring people's basic livelihoods, salaries of civil servants and government employees and the running of governments at the primary level. It is necessary to flexibly use policy tools such as interest rates and the required reserve ratio to increase support for the real economy and lower the overall financing cost. It is essential to do a good job in assessing the consistency of macro-policy orientation and strengthen the management of expectations. It is important to actively expand domestic demand and implement the action plan for large-scale equipment renewals and trade-ins of consumer goods. It is also imperative to create more consumption scenarios to better meet people's needs for diversified and high-quality consumption. It is essential to further advance people-centered new urbanization, and continue to tap the potential of consumption and investment. New mechanisms for cooperation between the government and private capital should be well implemented, and the vitality of private investment should be fully stimulated.

The imperative was stressed at the meeting to develop new quality productive forces according to local conditions. The layout of China's strength in strategic science and technology should be improved, emerging industries cultivated and strengthened, the development of industries for the future arranged in advance, and the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries empowered by advanced technologies. It is essential to actively develop venture capital investment and strengthen patient capital.

It was noted at the meeting that reform must be deepened and opening up expanded unswervingly, a unified national market must be built, and the systems underpinning the market economy must be improved. It is imperative to expand trade in intermediate goods, trade in services, digital trade and exports of cross-border e-commerce, support private enterprises to expand overseas markets, and intensify efforts to attract and make use of foreign investment.

It was stressed at the meeting that efforts are required to continuously prevent and defuse risks in key areas. It is essential to continue implementing city-specific policies, see that local governments, real estate enterprises and financial institutions shoulder their share of responsibilities, ensure the delivery of housing projects and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of homebuyers. Combining the new changes of the relationship between supply and demand in the real estate market and people's new aspiration for high-quality housing, it is imperative to conduct research on policies and measures to reduce housing inventory and improve the quality of new housing in a coordinated manner. New mode for the development of the real estate sector should be fostered to boost the sector's high-quality development. It is imperative to thoroughly implement the solutions to dealing with debt risks of local governments, so as to secure not only actual debt reduction but also stable development of those provinces, cities and counties with high debt risks. It is a must to make sustained efforts to reform small and medium-sized financial institutions to mitigate risks. Multiple measures should be taken to promote the sound development of the capital market.

Steady efforts were stressed at the meeting to promote green and low-carbon development. It is necessary to conscientiously carry out the action plan to improve air quality continuously, strengthen the clean and efficient use of coal as well as the consumption and use of renewable energy sources, implement the "10 major initiatives to reach peak carbon emissions" fully and steadily, and speed up the building of a waste material recycling system.

Concrete efforts were noted at the meeting to ensure and improve people's wellbeing, prioritize employment-first policies, increase income for middle and low-income groups, and build a tightly-woven network of social security. It is imperative to consolidate and expand the achievements in poverty alleviation, and advance rural revitalization across the board. Efforts should be made to ensure workplace safety and promote infrastructure renewal and upgrade in this regard. Officials at all levels must strictly abide by political disciplines, resolutely implement the decisions and plans of the CPC Central Committee, and constantly break new ground for high-quality development.

It is noted at the meeting that the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core. It is imperative to thoroughly understand the strategic intention of the CPC Central Committee in making this decision to make greater breakthroughs in promoting the integrated development of the Delta and better leverage its role as a pioneer, leader and driver of regional development.

It was stressed at the meeting that efforts must be constantly focused on integration and high quality to advance the fulfillment of key tasks in the integrated development of the Delta.

Steps should be quickened in making breakthroughs in core technologies in key fields. Efforts should be coordinated to upgrade traditional industries, expand emerging industries and foster future industries, thus building innovation chains, industrial chains, and supply chains in a wide range of areas. It is imperative to expedite the efforts in improving institutions and mechanisms to break administrative barriers and enhance policy coordination so as to promote integration in a wider range of areas and greater depth. It is important to take the lead in aligning with high-standard international economic and trade rules, vigorously promote high-level coordinated opening up, and create new strengths of a higher-standard inclusive economy. It is also important to be prepared to deal with worst-case scenarios, ensure both development and security, and strengthen joint protection and governance of the ecological environment as well as regional cooperation in green development. The Central Leading Group for Coordinated Regional Development should strengthen its coordination, and relevant departments should provide more support. Shanghai should play its leading role, and Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces should leverage their respective strengths so as to form synergy for continuously writing new chapters in the integrated development of the Delta.

Some other issues were also discussed at the meeting.

Xi calls on Chongqing to write its chapter in Chinese modernization

BEIJING, April 25 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, Chinese president, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, called on Chongqing to give full play to its comparative and late-mover advantages in line with the central tasks of the CPC on the new journey in the new era and its mission entrusted by the CPC Central Committee. The city should further reform and opening up across the board, proactively serve and integrate into the new development paradigm, and strive to promote high-quality development. By doing all these, it should try to build itself into a key strategic fulcrum for the development of China's western region in the new era and a comprehensive hub for inland opening up. The city is also urged to make greater achievements in playing its supporting role in the development of the western region, its leading role in promoting the progress of the Belt and Road Initiative, and its exemplary role in stimulating the green development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and thereby continuously write its own chapter in advancing Chinese modernization.

From April 22 to 24, accompanied by Yuan Jiajun, a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the secretary of the CPC Chongqing Municipal Committee, and Hu Henghua, Chongqing's mayor, Xi inspected a logistics park, a community, the city's digital urban operation and governance center and other places.

On the afternoon of April 22, Xi first inspected the Chongqing International Logistics Hub Park. He came to the control center of the dry port of the New International Land-Sea Trade Corridor of the western region, learning about the construction progress of the corridor. Xi stressed that logistics is the lifeline of real economy. The construction of this corridor is of great significance to promoting the formation of an opening-up pattern featuring "building connections with other countries over land and sea while facilitating mutual assistance between eastern and western regions," he said. All related parties should make concerted efforts to do a good job in building and managing this signature project, so as to advance the high-level opening up in the western and inland regions, Xi said. He also urged logistic parks to actively leverage advanced technologies, continue innovating the multimodal transportation and improve scientific management level, so as to play a greater role in building the modern logistic system.

Later on, Xi came to a rail container hub in Chongqing, where he was briefed on situations of cargo distribution, transport routes, operating costs and returns, and chatted with truck drivers, train drivers, loading workers and management staff. He asked about their work load, labor protection, public holiday leaves and salaries. "You work at the frontline of the logistic sector as well as that of the opening up. Through your hard work, many goods are able to traverse the mountains and seas and enter the international markets," Xi said, stressing the importance of their work. He underscored the significance of logistics in promoting the greater openness and development of the western region, and encouraged workers to continue working hard, achieving new progress and making more contributions.

Xi also heard reports on the progress Chongqing made in promoting the development of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle and watched an exhibition on Chongqing's achievements of sci-tech innovation and industrial development. He underlined that building the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee. Chongqing and Sichuan should work closely, make consistent efforts to expand development capacity, and jointly strive for better results in building the "two cities" in western China in the new era, Xi noted. He highlighted the role of pillar industries as the main battlefield for developing new quality productive forces. Chongqing's manufacturing sector possesses distinct structural characteristics and corresponding advantages, Xi said, adding that Chongqing should firmly focus on technological innovation, leverage its advantages and strengthen weak links. The city should also do its current work well while planning for the future and persist in promoting the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry in a steady manner.

Minzhu Village Community in Xiejiawan Sub-district, Jiulongpo District, is an old residential area. A renovation project was launched in the community at the beginning of 2022, which has been included in national pilot programs. In the community, Xi learned about the progress of the community renovation and services offered for residents in the community. Xi was briefed on the progress in improving grassroots governance and reducing burden at the grassroots level. He visited the community canteen, where he chatted cordially with people dining there, encouraging the canteen to achieve sustainable development. Xi noted that as a major aspect of the urban renewal, renovation of old residential communities is a project that delivers real benefits to local people. In such renovation, historical structures and unique local characteristics should be preserved while efforts must be made to address practical concerns facing residents. It is important to summarize and promote experience in this regard to deliver more benefits to a larger number of community residents. Xi added that as grassroots Party organizations and communities play a key role in implementing many aspects of work of urban governance, it is necessary to clarify the remit of urban communities, continue to allocate resources down to communities and improve service facilities. Efforts should also be made to strengthen grid-based management and IT support, in a bid to facilitate the level of meticulous community governance and targeted services.

When Xi was leaving, residents of the community gathered to bid farewell to him. Xi told them: "As far as Chinese modernization is concerned, the people's well-being matters the most. All that the Party and government do is for the common people to live a happier life." Xi expressed the hope that Party committees and governments at all levels will invest more financial and material resources in solving problems for people's well-being, and do some practical things to improve people's life every year, so as to continuously enhance people's sense of gain, happiness and security.

On the morning of April 23, Xi visited Chongqing's digital urban operation and governance center, where he was briefed on local efforts to accelerate urban digital transformation and explore new ways for megacity governance, and watched the demonstration of system application. Xi pointed out that the modernization of governance system and capacity is an integral part of Chinese modernization. To strengthen digital empowerment and promote the modernization of urban governance, it is necessary to scientifically plan and build big data platforms and network systems, strengthen joint command and coordination among all parties, and effectively improve execution capacity. Urban governance involves many aspects; the first is to have a strong sense of responsibility to make plans in advance, render management and control accurate and targeted, ensure rapid response, and effectively deal with all kinds of conditions, so as to ensure the safe and orderly operation of the city. Xi hopes them to keep exploring and accumulate new experience.

On the morning of April 24, Xi listened to the report of CPC Chongqing Municipal Committee and Chongqing municipal government on their work, and affirmed what the city has achieved in various aspects of its work.

Xi noted that Chongqing's manufacturing sector has a solid foundation, and its talent resources in science and education is abundant. It is imperative for the city to build a modern industrial system with the advanced manufacturing sector as its backbone. Efforts are required to further promote the major technological transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing sector and the large-scale equipment renewals, speed up transforming and upgrading traditional industries, and foster strategic emerging industries with an advanced global level and competitiveness. It is essential to strengthen efforts to make major technological breakthroughs, integrate innovation in science and technology with that in industries, develop new business forms, models and growth drivers, and develop new quality productive forces according to local conditions. The building of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle should be further advanced, and its role as an important growth pole and a new source of power for promoting high-quality development nationwide should be better played. Green development should be further promoted to build a beautiful Chongqing and consolidate the ecological shields along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River.

Xi stressed that Chongqing, with a pioneering and enterprising spirit, should comprehensively deepen reform and expand high-level opening up. It must unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector and unswervingly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector. On one hand, reform on state-owned enterprises should be deepened, and a batch of state-owned enterprises with strong core competitiveness should be developed. On the other hand, the growth of the private sector should be facilitated, and the vitality of various business entities should be stimulated. Chongqing should proactively integrate itself into the development of a unified national market, take an active part in getting deeply integrated into and serving major national strategies, and play a greater role in promoting the development of the Belt and Road Initiative, the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and the New International Land-Sea Trade Corridor in the western region. Chongqing should also actively dovetail with high-standard international economic and trade rules to develop a first-class market-oriented and law-based international business environment.

Xi noted that Chongqing, as a city with the largest jurisdiction area and population in China, should fully act on the principle that a city should be built by the people and for the people, and actively explore a new path of modernization in megacity governance. It is important for Chongqing to speed up the development of a smart city, build a smart center for city operation and governance, and also establish and improve the "comprehensive and integrated" city governance system and mechanism, so as to make city governance smarter, more efficient and more targeted. It is imperative to guide community-level governance with Party building, adhere to and develop the "Fengqiao Model" in the new era, further cultural and ethical advancement, promote the transformation of outdated rural customs, and make the whole society more civil. It is also a must to promote the building of a resilient city in all aspects and effectively improve its capacity for disaster prevention, mitigation and relief.

Xi stressed that Chongqing should vigorously promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas as it is a megacity with a vast rural and mountainous area, and a reservoir area all in one. Xi called for more efforts to promote new urbanization with focus on county (district) seats, guide and regulate urban industrial and commercial capital, science and technology as well as professionals to serve rural areas in an orderly and law-based manner, so as to promote rural revitalization across the board. More efforts should be made in grain production, and agriculture with ecological characteristics should be developed by making full use of local conditions. It is important to learn from the experience of the Green Rural Revival Program, and promote rural development in light of specific circumstances. Efforts should be focused on important things that can be done with available resources, yield results in a couple of years and meet the urgent needs of villagers. By getting these things done one after another, perceptible and accessible benefits will be made for rural residents. What has been achieved in poverty alleviation should be consolidated and expanded, making sure that no large number of people will slip back into poverty.

Xi pointed out that CPC leadership must be upheld and Party building strengthened. It is imperative to consolidate and expand what has been achieved in the theoretical study program. A long-term mechanism should be established to promote the capability of Party members and officials, especially leading officials, to do political work and improve their competence, so that they will perform their duties in a down-to-earth manner and strive to make contributions. The fight against pointless formalities should be continued to ease burdens on those working at grassroots and create favorable conditions for primary-level officials to do their work well. Solid efforts should be made to carry out study programs on Party disciplines, guiding Party members and officials to truly turn political disciplines and rules into their awareness in political orientation, thinking, and action. Corruption should be consistently fought against and corrupt elements punished, and the breeding grounds and conditions for corruption should be constantly eliminated, in order to keep a clean political environment.

Cai Qi, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and director of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee, accompanied Xi on the inspection tour.

Li Ganjie, He Lifeng and leading officials of relevant central Party and government departments were also on the inspection tour.

Xi chairs symposium on boosting development of China's western region in new era

CHONGQING, April 24 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday presided over a symposium in Chongqing and delivered an important speech on promoting the development of the western region in the new era.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, stressed that the western region plays a crucial role in the overall picture of national reform, development, and stability. It is necessary to consistently implement the policies and measures of the CPC Central Committee to promote the development of the western region, further forming a new pattern of greater protection, openness, and high-quality development, enhancing the overall strength and sustainable development capability of the region, and striving to write a new chapter in the development of the region in the process of China's modernization.

Li Qiang, premier, Cai Qi, director of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee, and Ding Xuexiang, vice premier, attended the symposium. They are all members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

Zheng Shanjie, head of the National Development and Reform Commission, and Yuan Jiajun, Wang Xiaohui, Zhao Yide, and Ma Xingrui, Party secretaries of Chongqing Municipality, Sichuan Province, Shaanxi Province, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, spoke successively at the symposium, reporting on the progress in promoting the development of the western region and putting forward suggestions and opinions. Leading officials from other provincial regions and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps attending the symposium submitted written speeches.

After listening to all the speeches, Xi delivered an important address. He pointed out that over the past five years since the CPC Central Committee made arrangements for pursuing further progress in the development of the western region in the new era, the western region has seen significant achievements on eco-environmental conservation and restoration, enhanced capability in carrying out high-quality development, quickened pace in building an open economy, as well as greatly improved infrastructure and steadily raised living standards of the people. It has also won victory in the battle against poverty as scheduled, and joined other regions in achieving the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects and embarking on a new journey toward building a modern socialist country in all respects, Xi said. He also noted that there are still many difficulties and challenges to overcome for the region's further development. They need to be seriously studied.

Developing industries that leverage local strengths should be the main focus, he said, adding that efforts are needed to adopt a region-specific approach in nurturing emerging industries and expediting industrial transformation and upgrade in the western region. Xi highlighted the imperative to strengthen integration between innovation in science and technology and that in industries, actively train and introduce high-caliber sci-tech talents, and put them to best use, and strive for breakthroughs in a batch of core technologies in key fields. Efforts are needed to deepen the sci-tech cooperation between the central and eastern China and western China and achieve better results in building national innovation demonstration areas and demonstration zones for the transfer and commercialization of sci-tech innovation results. Measures should also be taken to speed up technological innovation of traditional industries, advance equipment renewals in major industries, and promote traditional industries with competitive edges to upgrade, improve the efficiency of their production and quality of their products, to boost the comprehensive utilization efficiency of resources and the fine and deep processing levels of products. Xi stressed the need to promote the integrated development between the centrally-administered enterprises and the western region, and build service industries such as tourism into pillar ones. He also urged efforts to adopt a region-specific approach when developing new quality productive forces, explore the development of modern manufacturing and strategic emerging industries, and make deployment for the building of future-oriented industries, so as to form new growth drivers in the region.

Xi noted that high-quality development must be supported by high-level protection to consolidate the national ecological security barrier. Efforts should be made to optimize the framework of territorial space development and protection, enhance region-specific management and control of the ecological environment, and accelerate the advancement of major projects for the conservation and restoration of key ecosystems. This will help win the three iconic battles of the Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Program. It is imperative to strengthen the conservation of ecological resources, improve the capacity in preventing and controlling forest and grassland fires, as well as enhancing pollution prevention and control in key regions and fields. He underscored the efforts to further promote the transformation of energy conservation and carbon reduction in traditional industries to facilitate the clean and efficient utilization of coal in an orderly manner. It is important to improve the mechanism for realizing the market value of ecosystem goods and services, as well as the horizontal compensation mechanism for ecological conservation.

Xi underlined efforts to boost large-scale development through large-scale opening-up and facilitate opening up of the western region to the domestic and international markets. Measures should be taken to vigorously advance the construction of the New International Land-Sea Trade Corridor, promote development and opening-up along the route, and deeply integrate into the development of the Belt and Road. He underscored the need of improving the layout of different industrial parks, border economic cooperation zones, and cross-border economic cooperation zones, as well as promoting the high-quality development of pilot free trade zones. It is essential to steadily expand institutional opening up and build a market-oriented, law-based and internationalized business environment. Efforts should also be made to serve and align with regional major strategic initiatives, actively integrate into the building of a unified national market, innovate the connection mechanism for inclusive platforms in the eastern, central and western regions, as well as deepen pragmatic cooperation with the eastern, central and northeastern regions.

Xi noted the necessity of ensuring both development and security, and improving the security guarantee capacity in key areas such as energy and resources. He urged the region to accelerate the development of a new energy sector, and expand and strengthen a number of key national energy bases. It is imperative to strengthen the interconnection of pipeline networks, and improve the capacity of "west-to-east power transmission." It is important to strengthen planning, control and management of mineral resources, and their large-scale intensive development and utilization, so as to accelerate the formation of a batch of national bases for the mining and processing of mineral resources. He urged efforts to improve the security of water resources, and noted the need for the region to innovate industrial cooperation with other regions, and optimize the industrial layout mechanism so as to receive industries transferred gradually from other regions in an orderly manner. It is essential to promote the development of the Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle, actively foster city clusters, develop and expand a number of provincial sub-central cities, and promote infrastructure connectivity and the sharing of public service among cities.

Xi noted the importance of integration between new-type urbanization and comprehensive rural revitalization, so as to ensure and improve people's well-being in the process of development. It is imperative to thoroughly implement the rural revitalization strategy, increase support to key counties for rural revitalization, establish a regular mechanism for providing assistance to low-income people and underdeveloped areas, and make sure that no large number of people become poverty-stricken again. He noted the need to learn from and apply the experience from the Green Rural Revival Program to create a rural development model with regional characteristics. Xi said county economies with distinctive characteristics should be developed, and a batch of counties strong in agricultural, industrial and tourism sectors should be fostered, so as to ensure that farmers have job opportunities near their hometown and that their income increase, and urbanization be advanced according to local conditions. The region was urged to develop more high-standard cropland, and shoulder the responsibility of ensuring stable production and supply of major agricultural products, so as to make due contributions to national food security. Greater efforts are also needed to promote cultural and ethical advancement, transform outdated rural customs, and actively cultivate new trends and new customs for our times. The community-level governance system led by Party organizations should be optimized, and the "Fengqiao Model" in the new era should be adhered to and developed. Organized crime should be consistently combated and rooted out to ensure people's safety and stability at the primary level.

Xi noted that a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation should be forged to safeguard ethnic unity and stability in border areas. Areas with large ethnic minority populations should carry out the requirements for fostering a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation in the whole process and in all aspects of social and economic development. The region is urged to promote social and economic development with enough concern for people's well-being, improve the social security system, ensure the basic livelihoods of the people, and resolutely address the pressing concerns of the people. It is imperative to implement the Party's ethnic policies in full, speed up building an interconnected social structure and community environment, and promote communication, exchanges and integration among people from different ethnic groups, Xi said. It is essential to stick to the Party's basic policy on religious affairs, remain committed to the principle that religions in China must be Chinese in orientation, and continue to crack down on illegal religious activities. Further efforts should be made to boost local economies and raise local living standards in border areas in the new era, building more infrastructure and public service facilities, and developing sectors such as tourism along the border areas, so as to ensure that border residents enjoy a rich life, and border areas enjoy a beautiful scenery alongside with security and solid defense.

Last but not least, Xi stressed that the Central Leading Group for Coordinated Regional Development must strengthen the overall coordination, supervision and inspection, and relevant departments in the central government must put forth targeted policies and measures through studies. Local Party committees and governments at all levels in the western region must shoulder principal responsibilities and promote the implementation of the decisions and plans of the CPC Central Committee. He urged efforts to improve the collaboration mechanism between the eastern and western regions and deepen paired assistance programs. What has been achieved in the theoretical study program should be consolidated, and education on Party discipline should be carried out well. It is also imperative to persistently rectify pointless formalities to reduce burden on grass-roots units. Efforts should also be made to improve the decision-making mechanism, conduct full discussion and risk assessment before the introduction of major policies, especially those related to people's livelihood, and promptly investigate into and decisively tackle problems in the implementation of those policies, he said. It is imperative to cultivate a contingent of high-caliber and professional officials who are loyal to the Party, have moral integrity and demonstrate a keen sense of responsibility, establish and optimize systems for evaluation and motivation, care for officials working at the grassroots, especially those working in areas with harsh conditions, and motivate them to boldly break new ground and take on responsibilities.

In his speech, Premier Li Qiang urged relevant departments and governments in the western region to conscientiously study and understand as well as put into practice the gist of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech. While the development of the western region should be planned and promoted from a larger picture of the Chinese modernization, it is equally important that targeted measures should be adopted in light of different local conditions and development potentials and in a region-specific and category-based manner. Li said full play should be given to regional characteristics and strengths, fostering more growth engines and growth belts that promote regional development, building a solid national eco-environmental security barrier, enhancing the development capabilities of areas of special types, and coordinating resolution of local government debt risks and stable development. He urged efforts to expand opening up to the domestic and international markets, proactively align strategies of the western region with those of other regions, actively integrate into international economic flow, and enhance the dynamics and vitality of the western region development.

In his speech, Ding Xuexiang called for efforts to conscientiously study and put into practice the gist of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech, faithfully, accurately and comprehensively implement the new development philosophy, and coordinate high-quality development and high-standard protection, so as to make constant progress in the development of the western region. He urged the region to fulfill the important mission of safeguarding the country's ecological security, enhance ecological conservation and restoration, and upgrade the diversity, stability and sustainability of ecosystem. He demanded continuous steps to further the fight against pollution with targeted and science-based approaches in accordance with the law, so as to further improve the region's ecology and the environment. He also called for action to accelerate the green and low-carbon transformation of economic growth, develop new quality productive forces in a region-specific manner, and actively yet prudently work towards carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.

Li Ganjie, He Lifeng, Wu Zhenglong, Mu Hong and Jiang Xinzhi attended the meeting. Also present were leading officials of relevant central Party and government departments, leading officials of relevant local government departments and those in charge from relevant enterprises.

Xi Jinping meets Ma Ying-jeou in Beijing

BEIJING, April 11 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, met with Ma Ying-jeou and his entourage in Beijing on April 10.

Xi said that people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait belong to the Chinese nation. The Chinese nation is one of the greatest nations in the world, having created the long-standing, brilliant, and unparalleled Chinese civilization, which sons and daughters of the nation feel proud of and honored for. He said that the Chinese nation's history of over 5,000 years has witnessed successive generations of ancestors move and settle down in Taiwan, their lives and procreation there, and saw the compatriots from both sides of the Strait fight side by side in the defense against foreign aggression and the recovery of Taiwan. Along the way, the Chinese nation has written the history that Taiwan and the mainland are inseparable and engraved the historical fact that people across the Strait are connected by blood.

People on both sides of the Strait are all Chinese. There is no knot that cannot be untied, no issues that cannot be discussed, and no force that can separate us. The distance of the Strait cannot sever the bond of kinship between compatriots from across the Strait, he said. The difference in political systems does not alter the reality that both sides of the Strait belong to one China and one nation, Xi said. External interference cannot hold back the historical trend of national reunification, and all Chinese on both sides of the Strait have come down in one continuous line, acted in solidarity, and reached out to each other in adversity throughout history, Xi noted.

The youth are the hope of the country and the future of the nation. Both sides of the Strait will have a prosperous future only when their youth have high aspirations, Xi said. He encouraged young people from both sides of the Strait to aspire to become more proud, confident, and assured in their identity as Chinese people, work together for the long-term prosperity of the Chinese nation, and continue to create new glory of the nation.

Xi stressed that people on both sides of the Strait share the same bloodline, culture and history, and more importantly, the same responsibility for the nation and the same aspiration for the future. "We should grasp the cross-Strait situation by taking into consideration the overall interests and long-term development of the Chinese nation," Xi said.

First, it is important to firmly safeguard the shared home of the Chinese nation. For thousands of years, the Chinese nation and its civilization have survived and thrived through vicissitudes and hardships. The key is that the Chinese nation always holds the common belief that the homeland cannot be divided, the country cannot be destabilized, its ethnic groups cannot be separated, and its civilization cannot be disrupted. A strong and unified country has always been the pillar upon which the future of all the Chinese people, including compatriots in Taiwan, depends. All Chinese on both sides of the Strait should firmly oppose any separatist moves of secessionists on the island and interference by external forces, firmly safeguard the common home of the Chinese nation, and work together to pursue a bright future for peaceful reunification. The future of the Chinese nation should be firmly held in the hands of the Chinese people.

Xi noted that all Chinese on both sides of the Strait are anticipating a peaceful home and harmonious family life. To achieve this, it is imperative to promote the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations. The key is to adhere to the 1992 Consensus embodying the one-China principle, while the essence lies in developing a common understanding of the fundamental fact that people on both sides of the Strait belong to one country and one nation. As long as no attempt is made to split the island from its motherland, as long as the consensus is reached that both sides are Chinese of one family, compatriots on both sides of the Strait can sit down and talk with each other on affairs within a family to promote mutual understanding, accumulate mutual trust, resolve differences, and seek consensus.

Second, we need to work together for the long-term prosperity of the Chinese nation. Working for the well-being of compatriots on both sides of the Strait is both the starting point and ultimate goal of developing cross-Strait relations. To jointly create the long-term prosperity for the Chinese nation is a very grand yet simple goal. That is to realize the aspiration of compatriots on both sides of the Strait for a happy life, so that all Chinese people, including Taiwan compatriots, can live a better life and jointly realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. We have the capability to lead more than 1.4 billion compatriots on the mainland to a better life, and we are also fully capable of working with our compatriots in Taiwan to create a better future.

We have always been caring about the well-being of Taiwan compatriots, and we have shared the development opportunities from Chinese modernization with Taiwan compatriots first, as well as the achievements from the mainland's development and progress. We have been helping Taiwan compatriots solve problems for them, so as to bring them more benefits, further improve their well-being and ensure that they have a better future, Xi said.

Third, we must firmly forge a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation, Xi said. In the long history of the Chinese nation, all its sons and daughters jointly established the territory of our motherland which includes Taiwan, wrote the history of China, created the Chinese culture and fostered its national character, he said. Chinese people on both sides of the Strait have always been one family, thus they should often interact with each other, which will bring them closer and promote their kinship. We will take effective measures to promote communication, exchanges and integration across the Strait, so that people from across the Strait will better understand each other through communication, have more trust of each other through exchanges, and treat each other with all heart. We sincerely welcome all Taiwan compatriots to visit the mainland as much as possible, and we are happy to see that people from the mainland visit Taiwan as much as possible, Xi said.

Chinese culture, the soul of the Chinese nation, is the spiritual home of all Chinese people on both sides of the Strait. It is imperative for compatriots on both sides to have greater confidence in Chinese culture and consciously become its guardians, inheritors and promoters. They should strengthen the sense of belonging, identity and honor of the Chinese nation so as to forge a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation.

Fourth, it is a must to remain committed to achieving the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Thanks to a century of struggle and toil, we have successfully blazed a path to Chinese modernization, and the bright prospects of national rejuvenation are in sight. We have not only realized the blueprint of Dr. Sun Yat-sen but also achieved far more than what he had envisioned. The wheels of history are rolling on toward the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, into which all Chinese on both sides of the Strait have poured their endeavors. This great mission requires the concerted and continuous efforts of all Chinese on both sides of the Strait and will eventually be realized. Young people on both sides will have much to achieve and achieve much.

Young people from Taiwan are welcome to pursue, build and realize their dreams on the mainland. We will continue to create better conditions and more opportunities for young people from both sides to grow and live to their full potential. Xi expressed the hope that young people from both sides will learn from each other, enjoy each other's company, and walk with one heart with each other, taking the baton passed on to them by history and contributing to the realization of national rejuvenation.

Xi said, on April 3, a 7.3-magnitude earthquake jolted the waters near Hualien County in Taiwan and caused casualties and property loss. I mourn for the victims and extend my sympathies to the people in the affected areas.

Ma said that upholding the 1992 Consensus and opposing "Taiwan independence" are the common political foundation for the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations. People from both sides of the Strait are Chinese. Therefore, we should deepen exchanges and cooperation, pass on Chinese culture together, advance the well-being of people from both sides of the Strait, and make joint efforts toward the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Representatives of young people from Taiwan attending the meeting gave speeches.

Wang Huning, Cai Qi and other senior officials attended the meeting.

Xi plants trees in Beijing, urging nationwide afforestation efforts for jointly building beautiful China

BEIJING, April 4 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Wednesday attended a voluntary tree planting activity in Beijing and called for nationwide efforts in afforestation to jointly build a beautiful China.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, stressed that around the Qingming Festival the vast land of China is brimming with vitality, making it an ideal time for tree planting.

Today, as we plant trees together, our goal is to call on everyone to take action, actively participate in afforestation, and strive to be green ambassadors and pioneers of ecology, so as to add a greener and colorful hue to the building of a beautiful China and jointly compose a new chapter of Chinese modernization where humanity and nature exist in harmony, he said.

In the suburbs of Beijing, spring was in full swing. At around 10:40 a.m., Xi and other Party and state leaders, including Li Qiang, Zhao Leji, Wang Huning, Cai Qi, Ding Xuexiang, Li Xi, and Han Zheng, arrived at Lucheng Town, Tongzhou District of Beijing together, and joined people from the capital to plant trees.

The planting site is located at the junction of Beijing's Tongzhou District and the three counties in northern Langfang City of Hebei Province. With good waterfront ecological condition, it is situated at a forest park along the Chaobai River, the first cross-regional park jointly built by Beijing and Hebei Province.

On sight of Xi, officials and locals greeted him warmly. Xi waved to the crowd to extend greetings, and then picked up a shovel, walked to the site, and began busy planting trees with officials from the Beijing municipal government and the National Forestry and Grassland Administration as well as officials, people and members of the Chinese Young Pioneers from the capital.

Shoveling the soil, building soil berms, watering the trees... Xi planted saplings of multiple types of trees, including Chinese pine, Cotinus coggygria, Yuanbao maple, cherry, flowering peach and platycladus orientalis. While planting trees, he also asked the children around him about their study, life and their participation in labor and sports.

He stressed that young people are the future of the motherland, and they need to engage themselves in labor and afforestation from childhood, so as to sow a green seed into the heart and develop their awareness to revere and love nature. They should study hard, build up their bodies, grow up stronger, develop all-round qualities of sound moral grounding, intellectual ability, physical vigor, aesthetic sensibility, and work skills, and strive to become the backbone of the country, he urged. The site, bustling with tree planting activities, exuded a warm atmosphere as leaders worked together with others to earth up and water trees.

During cordial talks with officials and local people on site, Xi said that he had taken part in the voluntary tree planting activity in Beijing for 17 consecutive years since he sat on the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. He noted that this year marks the 45th anniversary of China establishing its National Tree Planting Day, and Chinese people have been dedicated to planting trees and afforestation, turning once barren mountains into lush ones, and deserts into oases, and making remarkable achievements. At the same time, we should be aware that the scarcity of forest resources is still a prominent problem in the country, and the role of forests as a "treasure house" has not been given a full play, he said. Increasing green coverage is to bring greater development strengths, and planting trees is to plant future. Trees must be planted one after another and from generation to generation, so as to continuously enrich the country's green resources, he said.

Xi stressed that to make China greener, concerted efforts should be made in green expansion, invigoration and protection. Green expansion means scientifically carrying out large-scale land greening in line with local conditions and suitable tree types, and at the appropriate time and with the right methods. In this way, we can make every planted tree alive and every planted patch green. Green invigoration means emphasizing the quality and efficiency of greening, expanding channels for turning the country's lucid waters and lush mountains into invaluable assets, and promoting the coordination of the role of forests in conserving water, bringing in economic benefits, boosting grain production and serving as a carbon sink, so as to achieve integrated ecological, economic and social benefits of forests. Green protection means strengthening the conservation of forest and grassland resources with sound anti-fire work and carrying out a thorough inspection into and rectification of major risks and hidden dangers, so as to safeguard the hard-won achievements in land greening.

The Three North region (northeast China, north China and northwest China) is the main battlefield for land greening, Xi said, urging more efforts to be focused on the construction of the Three-North Shelterbelt Forest Program to fortify the green Great Wall in northern China.

Xi pointed out that everyone should fulfill the responsibility to take part in nationwide greening programs. It is important to keep the channels for people's participation open, come up with new models of fulfilling responsibilities, and make full use of the forest chief system, he said, urging the mobilization from all circles to promote the nationwide voluntary tree planting campaign to go deeper and more substantive.

Members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, members of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee and state councilors in Beijing participated in the tree planting activity.

CPC leadership reviews disciplinary inspection report

BEIJING, March 30 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee met on March 29 to review a comprehensive report on the second round of disciplinary inspection missions of the 20th CPC Central Committee. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.

It was noted at the meeting that the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has attached importance to disciplinary inspection work, and has arranged two rounds of such inspection missions since the 20th CPC National Congress, which had covered all centrally-administered enterprises. It was pointed out at the meeting that Party-building work in centrally-administered enterprises and relevant government departments had been strengthened, with new achievements in terms of the Party's full and rigorous self-governance. But there are still some problems that must be taken very seriously from a political standpoint and addressed earnestly.

Inspections and rectifications followed must be taken as the pivot for promoting high-quality development and exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance. Organization and leadership must be strengthened to see that key parties assume their primary responsibilities, and problems, tasks, and responsibilities must be put on a list, so as to ensure that every problem has a solution and feedback. Oversight over inspections and rectifications must be strengthened, key officials and events be placed under tight scrutiny to make sure that every case is addressed as required. An accountability system must be established for rectifications to ensure that those who are perfunctory or cheat in the rectifications will be strictly held to account.

It was emphasized at the meeting that state-owned enterprises (SOE) are the crucial material and political foundation for socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is imperative to uphold and consolidate Party's leadership, and thoroughly study and put into practice Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. SOEs must perform their duties and fulfill their missions in a down-to-earth manner, and must uphold General Secretary Xi Jinping's core position on the CPC Central Committee and in the Party as a whole, and uphold the Central Committee's authority and centralized, unified leadership. They must ensure both development and security, be vigilant against potential dangers, be prepared to deal with worst-case scenarios, resolutely prevent and mitigate risks and ensure high-quality development with high-level safety.

It is imperative to make advances in exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance, with rigor being maintained for the work in every aspect. Oversight of "top leaders" and leaderships must be strengthened, and crackdown on corruption must continue to be carried out with a high hand. Cases must be studied and used for promoting rectification of conduct and Party governance so that the soil and conditions that breed corruption will be eliminated.

It is imperative to conscientiously implement the Party's organizational line for the new era and strengthen the building of leaderships, ranks of officials, talent pool as well as grassroots Party organizations. What has been achieved from disciplinary inspections must be put to good use. It is also essential to conduct in-depth research on common and deep-seated problems discovered in disciplinary inspections, further improve the related systems and mechanisms, and tackle not only symptoms but also root causes.

Other matters were also discussed at the meeting.